The Investigations Division (IACD.2) of the Integrity and Anti-Corruption Department conducts investigations to examine and determine the veracity of allegations of corruption, fraud and other sanctionable practices in operations financed by the Bank Group. These include projects financed by the Bank, misconduct involving staff with regard to operations financed by the Bank Group, administrative budgets and misuse of Bank resources.

Principles Guiding Investigations 

Investigations are based on the principles of integrity, fairness, impartiality and objectivity. Upon receipt of allegations, the Integrity and Anti-Corruption Department registers the complaint. The Investigations Division consequently evaluates the information received in order to consider the merits of the allegations. Where possible, IACD.2 will seek corroboration of the information. A preliminary report is then prepared that presents the evaluated evidence and provides an opinion on its credibility, materiality and verifiability. Where the allegations are found to provide a legitimate basis, IACD.2 will conduct a full investigation expeditiously and within constraints of available resources. All investigative activity and decisions relating to the investigations are documented in writing and where possible, by audio, photographic and additional means. IACD has unrestricted access to all persons and information relevant to an investigation. While IACD may assume responsibility for reasonable expenses incurred by witnesses or subjects directly related to the conduct of the investigation, IACD will not pay for information. 

Investigations conducted by the Investigative and Anti-Corruption Department are of an administrative nature. The standard of proof to determine whether a complaint has been substantiated is information that, as a whole, shows that something is more probable than not. Further, IACD’s investigative reports are based on facts and related analysis. 

The African Development Bank Group has endorsed the International Financial Institutions Principles and Guidelines for Investigations and IACD’s standard operating procedures are in accordance with the guidelines.

Results of Investigations

IACD does not make sanction decisions based on its investigative findings. If upon completion of the full investigation, IACD finds sufficient information to substantiate the complaint, IACD will forward its findings to the appropriate authority under the sanctions system

Where IACD does not find sufficient information that supports an adverse finding, IACD will document such findings, close the investigation and notify the relevant parties. Where IACD finds that the complaint was given with knowledge that the information was false, IACD will make a report to the relevant authority. Where appropriate, IACD may refer information relating to complaints to national authorities.