Is Uganda on Track to Halve Poverty by 2015?

Sebastian Levine, UNDP

This paper explores differences in the incidence of poverty in Uganda since the early 1990s as measured by the national poverty line used by Uganda Bureau of Statistics and the World Bank’s “dollar a day” international poverty line. While both measures point to a declining trend in poverty over time there are important differences in the levels of poverty, the speed of the decline and the direction of change in the late 1990s. Conceptual and methodological differences related to the way the underlying welfare measures and the poverty lines are specified can explain part of this ambiguity but not all of it.