Integrating Africa is the AfDB Group’s blog on regional integration in Africa. It chronicles the issues arising from African countries’ efforts as they work to pool resources and integrate their economies for the development of their regional and individual economies. Read More

Callixte Kambanda

Callixte Kambanda is an Infrastructure Specialist with the Infrastructure Consortium for Africa (ICA), whose Secretariat is housed at the African Development Bank. He is a holder of an MBA in Project Management and a Master’s degree in Electrical Engineering. His current work at the ICA focuses on activities in the energy and ICT sectors. He has an extensive experience working in the energy sector, particularly with African countries, Regional Economic Communities and specialized institutions for the energy sector. He led the work on different ICA publications on energy, IPPs in Africa and power pools, among others. Before joining the ICA in January 2008, he was working as Executive Secretary of the Eastern Africa Power Pool (EAPP).


Power Trade in Africa and the Role of Power Pools

Power trading in Africa started in the 1950s, in the form of bilateral agreements between Democratic Republic of Congo and Zambia. This trade involved a 500 kV high voltage DC power supply that was 1,700 km in length. Other bilateral agreements followed in different parts of the continent until the development of the first power pool. The Southern Africa Power Pool (SAPP) was created in 1995. It is now the most advanced power pool on the continent.