The AfDB's E-Consultation on its first Human Capital Development Strategy-Have your Say!
The African Development Bank (AfDB) Group is inviting comments on its Draft Human Capital Development Strategy to encourage its stakeholders to provide feedback and input.
It is an opportune time for the Bank to prepare an integrated Human Development Strategy. Investments in human capital represent an increasingly important approach and set of instruments for the Bank’s fight against poverty and social exclusion in Africa. A strategy for Human Capital Development is urgently required because education, nutrition, health and safety nets are inextricably linked with economic growth and poverty reduction. Furthermore, the Arab Spring and growing inequalities in Southern Africa have brought forward the urgent relevance of the inclusive growth agenda. In addition, preparations are starting for a new AfDB long-term corporate strategy (LTS), and as the premier African financial institution, the African Development Bank should play a pivotal role with its development partners to ensure that Africa has the human capital needed to accelerate economic and social development.
This draft will be the basis of the African Development Bank’s first Human Development Strategy, identifying critical areas for better investment in human capital as part of the inclusive growth agenda. It focuses on job-creating growth; giving voice to all citizens for improved quality of public services and efficiency of public spending; and support safety nets to protect against economic and social shocks.
The rationale of this Strategy is mainly to consolidate and streamline the approach to Human Development in Bank operations. This will ensure and facilitate: (a) A results- and evidence based focus of the Bank’s inclusive growth agenda; (b) selectivity consistent with Bank resources; (c) alignment to national policy frameworks, strong partnerships as well as regional ownership; and (d) harmonization of donor support and engagement of all stakeholders.
The AfDB Group values broad consultation and therefore encourages all stakeholders to provide inputs and comments on this consultative Draft Strategy.
Leadership development and Entrepreneurship is a factor Africa as a continent lacks.
This development strategy should be able to tackle these issues.
meaningful contribution. In a typical Ghanaian local palance we say "Ayecooooooo! meaning welcome.
Pour ma part, je trouve que cette initiative est louable car il etait temps qu'on apprennent de nos échecs prédents en l'occurrence l'impulsion de la croissance par le capital physique laisant ainsi le capital humain qui selon les statistiques de R LUCAS(1988) serait un determinant de la croissance. L'investissement dans le capital humain favorisera donc en plus d'un developpement économique, un developpement humain. C'est dire combien l'initiative de la BAD est de bonne augure pour l'Afrique et arrive juste à temps car bon nombre de pays Africains sont à la quete de la croissance afin de devenir émergents à moyen ou long terme.
Donc je veux savoir quel objectif la banque se fixe. Pour la santé je pense avec une population en majorité jeune cela se recherche dans des pays dit développé . donc la croissance inclusive suggère de mettre les moyens à leurs disposition nous avons les ressources idoine pour créer le bien être. Il est impératif de réflechir à cela je ne suis pas contre vos proposition mais je dirais qu'on a meilleur qu'ailleurs.
Pour cela il faut voir en cela une forte problématique de savoir quoi apprendre? pour quoi faire? pour servir qui?
Sachant que tous reconnais que l'afrique est le continent qui tire les autres je pense qu'il est temps de reflechir à une croissance inclusive tourné vers le modèle asiatique. On dira que ceux qui sont formé ne sont pas compétent pour reléver le défit du millénaire utilisons les mécanismes à notre disposition on vera la suite
Le capital humain est primordial pour le développement tous les pays égermant ont eu a faire une politique de formation de son peuple par le biais du partenariat.
l'auto-suffisance alimentaire passe par l'agriculture de base qui est nécessaire a fin de passée a l'étape suivant.
la formation est primordial dans chaque secteur, faisant un mouvement d'ensemble se qui prône une activité bien definie.
sur les secteur porteur en mettant en ^place une politique sectoriel bien planifiée.
--We have been implementing human capital development strategies for 50 years with little, if any, impact.
--Instead of an integrated human development strategy, we need an integrated development strategy.
--Key to the latter is job creation and this needs to be innovative and elaborated.
--At the same time, the purpose of education is much more than jobs and the strategy gives that short shrift.
--Entirely too much is expected of the private sector. There is no evidence it will be able to fill gaps or that it does so in the public interest.
Federal University of Technology Owerri
1. This is a very welcome draft report and puts into context the pressing development issues especially in relation to youth unemployment. Since as HelpAge International, our core business is the aging population, it would be important to have some reference to the growing ageing population in Africa even though it may not be comparable in size to that in Asia. There is an upcoming IAGG Africa conference in Cape Town in November 2012 and IFA is planning one in Cameroon in 2013. Globally the population is aging and so we also need to recognize this in the HD context. The past several years has witnessed an unprecedented stretching of the human life span. This aging of the global population is without parallel in human history (Bengston and Lowenstein 2004). If these demographic trends continue to escalate, by 2050 the number of older people globally will exceed the number of young for the first time since formal records began raising questions of the power of the nation state in the context of global aging.
2. Page 5 - the effect of the current predictions of a second recession related to the euro zone need to be included since this will impact on our development programmes and the returnees from the Diaspora and exacerbate the already critical challenges related to unemployment.
3. Page 7- on Social Protection funding - we need to also look more critically at our countries’ ability to fund social protection which relates to: good governance and accountability, balancing different types of taxation, management of natural resources, building the tax admin capacity, dealing with the ‘leaks’ in our financial management and budgets, increasing the tax base through tapping more into the informal sector and tax reforms to mobilize more sustainable revenue. See paper on Innovative financing for Africa by Emmanuel Nnadozie, Devex, February 2012.
4. Discussion on labour markets and the informal sector- we need to think more about how do we turn the informal sector into a more formal one? What are the mechanisms we need to put in place since it is such a large employer of the youth and is not necessarily being effectively taxed so the revenue can be utilized for employment creation.
5. Page 16-comments in the box-these are very critical, highlighting the need to invest in a dynamic education curriculum revision so that the graduates produced are potential employers rather than unemployed employees. This ties in with the need for more investment in research- What can our governments and higher learning institutions do to produce more appropriately skilled and qualified graduates?
6. Quality of education- should we not be investing more in in-service training since a lot of our teachers are not qualified? Training can be another motivator to reduce teacher absenteeism and improve the quality of education, aside from the issues of their poor terms and conditions.
7. Page 47- the safety nets discussion- this needs to go beyond social security. What about short term measures with quick results such as cash transfers which help to address poverty? Let's also invest in compulsory pension schemes although this is currently only for the formal sector employees. How can we scale up some of the current social protection schemes which appear to be working? In relation to discussions on micro finance, the most vulnerable populations are not necessarily catered for. Older persons for example have issues around their limited access to credit.
8. The role of civil society needs to be clearer in this whole paper, since they are providing complementary services to our governments and can address issues of rights and accountability.
9. Time line at the end of the paper-Have the face to face consultative discussions taken place because HelpAge International in Africa would be interested in participating.
This is a good initiative, of involving stakeholders. Our institution, KCA University in Kenya will submit its feedback.
Joyce Nato, WHO Kenya