Chapter 7: Eliminating extreme poverty: progress to date and future priorities

Key messages

  • Africa has made significant progress towards the MDGs, but this progress masks substantial variation among countries. Aggregating and reporting development outcomes at the level of the continent can be misrepresentative of country-level achievements in just the same way that country-level achievements may not reflect achievements in different parts of the country.
  • Under “business as usual”, extreme poverty may not be eradicated in Africa by 2030, but it can be brought down to low levels.
  • To eliminate extreme poverty, African countries will have to achieve growth of 5% per year on average on a per capita basis over the next 10-15 years. Growth accompanied by appropriate re-distribution policies including social protection programmes could accelerate the pace of poverty reduction.