Pan-African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Campaign
The first meeting of the national coordinators of the Pan-African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Campaign (PATTEC) took place in the New Conference Building of the AU Commission in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from September 27-29.
Organized by the Rural Economy and Agriculture Department of the AU Commission, the meeting provided a forum for participants to exchange views on policy issues relating to PATTEC as well as operational experiences gained in the implementation of the Bank-supported program.
In opening the meeting, the African Development Bank Group’s Resident Representative, Pierre T. Seya, emphasized the Bank’s commitment to eradicating trypanosomiasis in Africa, calling on the national project coordinators to step up efforts aimed at eradicating the disease.
The meeting was attended by 28 participants drawn from implementing agencies in the six countries covered by the project.
Trypanosomiasis is a serious disease affecting people, livestock and wildlife in Africa. Attempts have been made to control the disease and its vector, the tsetse fly, since the early part of last century.
The socio-economic consequences are serious with current estimates for losses in livestock and agricultural productivity alone estimated at US $1.3 billion every year. In spite of the huge effort and investment by affected countries and donors to address the problem, there is resurgence and the incidence of the disease is increasing, with devastating impacts, due to re-infestation of tsetse with the break down in control measures as a result of budgetary constraints, natural disasters and conflicts. The situation has been exacerbated by drug resistance and supply limitations.
In 2004, the African Development Bank Group financed at the tune of US$ 60 million a continent-wide tsetse and trypanosomiasis eradication project, the Pan-African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Campaign hosted by the African Union.
The project has been appraised jointly by representatives from the six participating countries of Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Mali, Burkina Faso and Ghana, PATTEC and the Bank Group. The project has been designed in line with the countries’ national tsetse eradication strategies and is high on the priority list of development activities for each of these countries’ Country Strategy Papers.
The Project sector goal is to contribute to poverty reduction and food security improvement in the six countries. The Project objective is to create sustainable tsetse-and-trypanosomiasis-free areas in the six countries in support of the eradication of T&T in sub-Saharan Africa by integrating suppression, control and eradication technologies while ensuring the reclaimed areas are equitably, sustainably and economically exploited.