FARM Level Irrigation Project
- Reference: P-EG-AAC-016
- Appraisal Date: 15/03/2017
- Board Presentation: 05/07/2017
- Status: PipelinePIPE
- Implementing Agency: GOVERNMENT OF EGYPT
- Location: Governorates ElBeheira
The proposed project comprises the following components: 1Component 1: - On-Farm Irrigation Infrastructure Improvement. (approximately US$ 207.8 ).This component would support modernization of on-farm irrigation systems and associated tertiary conveyance systems (Mesqa) on about 250,000 Feddans (105,000 hectares) primarily in two Governorates (Beheira and Kafr El Sheik) of the Delta Old Land irrigation command areas (Mahmoudia, Manaifa and Meet Yazid). About 205 ,000 Feddans (86,000 hectares) will be in areas where branch canal and tertiary conveyance systems (Mesqa) have been or are being improved and Mesqa Level water user associations (WUAs) formed for sustainable O&M and irrigation management. The intervention in the remaining 45,000 Feddans (19,000 hectares) will start upstream of the Mesqa and would include required modifications of Mesqa intake works from the Branch Canal and formation of Mesqa WUAs. This component would provide financing for the following activities:
(i) Modifications to the water conveyance system including Mesqa intake works on the Branch canal to ensure adequate water supply; quaternary conveyance system (Marwa) including various pipe, valve and hydrant systems, small gated outlets and lined open channels with options designed and implemented in accordance with farmer needs and agreement. Where necessary minor Branch canal structures, Mesqa pump station buildings, pipes and valves will also be provided;
(ii) Change of diesel-powered mesqa pumps to electric ones;
(iii) Farmer field improvements such as laser land-leveling, deep ploughing, sub-soiling, gypsum treatment; and some surface and sub-surface drainage works;
(iv) Building the capacity of EALIP (and MWRI) Engineers and Technicians to support the field surveys, designs, construction supervision and management; and training of the private sector (plumbers etc).
2Component 2: On-Farm Technology Development and Dissemination (approximately US$8.5 million). The component would aim to enhance farmer knowledge and uptake of improved irrigation and associated land improvement and crop production technologies in parallel with and in support of the marwa-level irrigation modernization carried out under Component 1. Activities would include demonstrations, farmer and extension staff training and knowledge dissemination. The Bank Group would focus on adaptation technologies and transport for extension staff and would complement activities by other donors and government. The Adaptation Technology-activities will be mainly in Beheira and Manaifa and will introduce a new subcomponent of Adaptation Technology testing and demonstration as well as adaptation activities for improved resilience in water-related and crop systems. Therefore this component would aim to enhance farmer knowledge and uptake of adaptation and improved irrigation and associated land improvement and crop production technologies in parallel with support of the branch canals, mesqas and marwa level irrigation modernization carried out under component 1 in this new area. This component would include a comprehensive range of dedicated adaptation activities, to be implemented by the Central Laboratory for Agricultural Climate (CLAC) in addition to the ones described in the same component in the areas with other partners. Among these adaptation activities are:
(i) field adaptation experiments on two to three crops,
(ii) assessing the impact of changes in temperature and water quantity on the selected crops,
(iii) carrying out future economic studies on the selected crops (impacts on crop productivity, water consumptive use, crop water productivity and farm net return),
(iv) introduction and testing of new adaptation technologies for the selected crops in the field; and
(v) demonstration and dissemination activities involving farmers.
3Component 3: Project Coordination (US$3.9 million): The component would support EALIP through a PMU to take responsibility for procurement, financial management and monitoring and evaluation (M &E).
The sector goal is the promotion of economic growth, improved livelihood and poverty reduction of the rural population. The specific objective is to reduce poverty and increase incomes and food security of the rural population through increase in agricultural production and productivity. The project aims to increase the irrigation efficiency and productivity of about 250,000 feddans primarily in the Delta old lands. This would be achieved through modernization of farm-level irrigation systems and improved water management in areas where upstream irrigation improvement interventions, both physical and institutional, have already been made and are fully functional. Such farm-level improvements have been shown to have significant positive impacts on water use and productivity, energy use, and labor requirements and net financial returns to farmers. The project would also help to strengthen the delivery of farmer support services to help them achieve these goals.
The benefits expected from the project would include:
1.According to studies, FLIMP should be able to improve water use efficiency (about 18 percent of current usage, due to improved method of conveyance to the fields, with each being served by a structural conveyor and outlet (hydrant). Field-to-field flooding loses considerable water to drains, evaporation, and evapo-transpiration of weeds. These water losses tend to be permanent because of proximity of most of the project areas to the sea. This is compounded by the fact that saline intrusion has over time, salinised the aquifer below the project areas. Thus all wastage of water in the project area, are true losses. According to the World Bank draft FLIMP appraisal report, the economic value of water saved (estimated based on the average net economic value of irrigated agriculture) is LE768 per thousand cubic meter of water.
2.The implementation of electric pumping (as opposed to diesel pumping) will impact the environment positively as a result of the reduction of carbon emissions and reduced pollution from spills of diesel fuel.
3.At the farmer level, benefits of the project would include:
(i) production and productivity increases due to enhanced water distribution efficiencies, timely irrigation, equity for tail end farms, improved water quality and quantity, improved drainage, reduced water table and water and soil salinity, etc.;
(ii) land gains for production and/or communal service space (due to covering of marwas);
(iii) reduced irrigation costs (depreciation and O &M costs of pumps: energy costs, labour, etc. due to enhanced water productivity, fertilizer savings, reduction of weed control costs and of marwa maintenance costs;
(iv) change in cropping pattern due to improved reliability and timely access to water, less risks, and renewed technical assistance providing support for reconversion to higher value crops; and
(v) increased water productivity as conveyance speed is increased, controlled drainage is introduced, land levelling is applied, higher yields and lower costs of irrigation are attained, etc.
(vi) lower carbon foot print and increase carbon sink properties of agriculture area
ELWAN Mohamed-Yasser Hamdy - OSAN1