Support to Higher Education Development
- Reference: P-ER-IAD-001
- Approval date: 28/04/2010
- Start date: 30/07/2010
- Appraisal Date: 21/12/2009
- Status: OngoingOnGo
- Implementing Agency: GOVERNMENT OF ERITREA
- Location: COUNTRY WIDE
The project will have four components namely
(i) staff development for teaching and research,
(ii) technical assistance for teaching and research,
(iii) infrastructure development for teaching and research, and
(iv) project management. The project will be implemented over a period of five years with the following outputs:
- A total of 260 graduate assistants from the 7 HEIs will receive postgraduate training at the masters degree level: 75 Overseas Training; 85 Local Training; 100 Distance Learning. - Expatriate staff ((190 in year 1, 187 in year 2, and 20 in year 3) will be employed at the 7 HEIs of the country, providing about 4,760 man-months of service. - At EIT three engineering laboratories, a library and toilet facilities will be established; electrical and sanitary works will also be undertake. - At HAC eight laboratories for agriculture sciences, two computer laboratories, and two lecture halls will be established; ground will also be improved - Technical support for project management provided.
The sector goal is human resources development in order to further economic growth and reduce poverty. The objective of the project is to contribute to building capacity for teaching, research and service at the country's higher education institutions.
The Bank is a major development partner in the education sector in Eritrea and this is currently the only sector which the Bank is partnering with the Government of the State of Eritrea (GoSE). The Bank has assisted in the development of the sector through the now completed Eritrea Emergency Reconstruction Program (ERP) and is currently supporting the Education Sector Development Program (ESDP) along with the International Development Association (IDA) of the World Bank and the European Union (EU). The on-going ADF project is being implemented satisfactorily and the GoSE is keen on continuing with its cooperation with the Bank in the education sector and the promotion of human resource development. The planned intervention is therefore a response to a specific request from the GoSE in May 2009 to the Bank for support in the area of higher education, which is also a priority area for the Bank.
The GoSE considers education as being central to its economic development and therefore places the sector high in its development agenda. The national education policy of 2003 highlights the government's commitment to the development of the sector as well as the critical role education could play in developing the human capital that could contribute to the country's socio-economic development. Expansion of tertiary education and preparation of skilled work force are some of the main features of the country's educational policy. The planned intervention in higher education will support the promotion of human resource development which is the only pillar in the ICSP. It will also present a continuation of the Bank's support in the education sector, but this time at the tertiary level, thus aligning the project's aims with the objectives of the Bank's Higher Education Science Technology (HEST) strategy. In addition, it will reinforce the achievements of the on-going project by assisting in the production of teachers and school managers required for the secondary school system.
Furthermore, the increased access to primary and secondary education in recent years, while creating educational opportunities for many children, have also placed additional stress on a higher education system that was already weak in terms of human and financial resources. Enrolment in the higher education system has almost doubled in the past six years, but there is a severe shortage of qualified national staff and physical facilities are very inadequate. To address these problems, the government has recruited foreign faculty to augment the staff of the tertiary institutions, instituted a staff training program aimed at producing qualified staff to gradually replace the expatriate staff and has made some investments in the development of the infrastructure. But these measures have not been sufficient to adequately address the capacity issues of higher education Institutions. Bank support for building the capacity of the higher education institutions to assist in improving teaching and research in these institutions is therefore appropriate.
The project will cover all of the 7 higher education institutions of the country. The principal beneficiaries of the project are the students in higher education institutions. They will benefit from the improved conditions of learning following the improved staffing of the institutions and the upgrading of some of teaching facilities resulting from the project. Other beneficiaries of the project will include junior faculty who will receive training to upgrade their qualifications. In stitutions, such as schools and health clinics, organizations, agencies and enterprises, both public and private, at which the graduates will be serving, will also be major beneficiaries. Furthermore, farmers, fishing communities and adults in continuing business education programs are other special groups of beneficiaries. More farmers can benefit from the strengthened capacity of the Agriculture College in farming extension services. Similarly, fishing communities will benefit from the strengthened capacity of the College of Marine Sciences and Technology, in fishing extension services. The improved capacity of the College of Business and Economics will also provide more adults opportunities to attend the college's continuing business education programs, which are in high demand especially in urban areas.
LINZATTI Roland Alexander - OSHD2