GEF Carla Climate Adaptation for Rural Livelihoods and Agriculture


Overview

  • Reference: P-MW-C00-001
  • Approval date: 10/11/2011
  • Start date: 12/04/2012
  • Appraisal Date: 31/08/2009
  • Status: OngoingOnGo
  • Implementing Agency: MINISTRY OF IRRIGATION AND WATER DEVELOP MENT
  • Location: MALAWI

Description

CARLA will be implemented in Malawi in the three vulnerable districts of Karonga, Dedza and Chikhwawa as identified under the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) in 2006.

The CARLA is designed as supplementary financing for the Smallholder Crop Production and Marketing Project (SCPMP) financed by the AfDB to address the issues of climate change. It will therefore be implemented through the existing SCPMP Project Management Unit. The primary project beneficiaries will be smallholder farmers and other community members in the selected districts consisting of an estimated 30,000 households.

There are two main outputs of the project namely:

(i) integrated climate change adaptation strategies and interventions that improve agricultural production and rural livelihoods; and

(ii) enhanced national and district agencies capacities to support community-based adaptation to climate change. The project will be implemented in five years, with a GEF grant of US$3.0 million which was approved by the GEF council.


Objectives

The goal of the CARLA project is to improve resilience to current climate variability and future climate change by developing and implementing adaptation strategies and measures that will improve agricultural production and rural livelihoods. There are two main outputs of the project namely:

(i) integrated climate change adaptation strategies and interventions that improve agricultural production and rural livelihoods; and

(ii) enhanced national and district agencies capacities to support community-based adaptation to climate change. The project will be implemented in five years, with a GEF grant of US$3.0 million which was approved by the GEF council.


Rationale

In the adaptation process, coping strategies constitute the short-term activities, while adaptation strategies constitute the long term activities. As the first step, communities try to modify their existing practices to better respond to the impact of climate change, while the second step constitute seeking alternative livelihoods. Community based climate change adaptation thus refers to situations where measures taken to address the issues of climate change are based on the needs of the communities, their past experience and knowledge. This may include the need to be protected from floods, provision of water for irrigation to mitigate increasing unreliable weather such as drought, or crop diversification to more drought resilient crops. The target communities are responsible for identifying the possible options. The ultimate strategy is to develop the capacity of the community to cope with the impact of, and adapt to, climate change by building their livelihood resilience, diversifying their livelihood options, conserving resources and reducing disaster risks associated with climate change. Moreover, adaptation strategies to climate change demand integrated approaches, both within and between the natural ecosystem and the socio economic system.

Malawi, like many Southern African countries, is experiencing increasing climate variability which results into poor crop yields or even total crop failure due to drought and floods. The country's low economic power puts pressure on international community to urgently fund intervention programmes to help the communities cope and adapt. As rural communities are the most vulnerable and seriously affected, such climate change adaptation programmes should be community based.

CARLA is a complementary GEF component of the on-going AfDB financed SCPMP. SCPMP's objective is to increase agricultural productivity and incomes for the smallholder farmers thereby contributing to poverty reduction and food security in Malawi. It is financed with an ADF grant of US$ 21 million (UA 15 million). and consists of three components:

(i) Irrigation Infrastructure Development;

(ii) Farmers Support; and

(iii) Project Management.

The SCPMP was designed to respond to the effects of climate change on the country manifested through unreliable rainfall combined with extended periods of dry spells and heavy floods. However, the SCPMP is largely focused on irrigation as a measure to address climate change, while there is a range of other measures that can be tested. Consequently the Bank supported the GoM's proposal to request for incremental financing from GEF based on a co-financing arrangement of the SCPMP and the eligibility of the project. The Bank is one of the key implementing partners of the GEF and signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) in February 2005 and a Financial Procedures Agreement (FPA) with the GEF Trustee to access the GEF resources. The Bank accordingly supports countries in preparing GEF projects and supervises their implementation. GEF resources would thus finance fundamental activities that strictly address climate change beyond irrigation, not addressed by SCPMP but are important to the population targeted by the project that may need climate change resilience and coping mechanism not addressed by the baseline project.

The GEF grant for the CARLA will therefore support incremental investments in:

(i) community resilience to climate change effects; and

(ii) national and district institutional capacity building for climate change adaptation and rural livelihoods. These investments were identified, during the implementation of the SCPMP, as methods for ensuring sustainable food production and livelihoods.


Benefits

The goal of CARLA is to improve resilience to current climate variability and future climate change by developing and implementing adaptations strategies and measures that will improve agriculture production and rural livelihoods. CARLA project will therefore focus on actions that reduce and reverse degradation of the environment and the natural resource base; introduce better adapted agricultural practices; and reduce poverty through strengthened rural livelihoods. These types of actions support and complement Malawi's environmental and social policy priorities articulated in the National Environmental Policy (GOM 2004).The overall thrust of the project is to assist rural communities to assess their vulnerability to climate variability and change, and then to develop and implement action plans that reduce this vulnerability through activities and measures at the community level.

The target population for the CARLA will be the same poor smallholders targeted by SCPMP in the 3 districts. Although SCPMP is addressing their needs through investment in irrigated farming, they need to approach climate change adaptation in an integrated manner for greater impact and sustainability. Consequently, about 10,000 beneficiaries in each of the three selected districts have been targeted thereby reaching a total of 30,000 direct beneficiaries. It is expected that, by the end of the project, community based climate change adaptation measures will have been developed and tested, that will lead to increased crop productivity and increased beneficiary incomes. Women are estimated to comprise about 60% of the beneficiaries.

It is also expected that the best practices from the model communities will be extended to other communities within the districts through networking with the local Community Based Organizations, Non-Governmental Organizations and other private sector firms interested in the subject. The 3 districts were also strategically selected to be nucleus of technology dissemination in each region of the country. At national and district level, the project will benefit government staff in key institutions.


Key contacts

GAHUNGA Nathalie Gisabo - OSAN3


Costs

Finance source Amount
Co-financierUSD 1,912,692
DeltaUSD 12
TotalUSD 1,912,680