National Rural Water Supply Program
- Reference: P-MZ-E00-008
- Approval date: 09/11/2010
- Start date: 02/02/2012
- Appraisal Date: 31/07/2010
- Status: OngoingOnGo
- Implementing Agency: DIRECCAO NACIONAL DE AGUAS - MOPH
- Location: NAMPULA AND ZAMBEZIA PROVINCE MOZAMBIQUE
2.1. Program components The average rural water supply and sanitation coverage in Nampula and Zambezia Provinces is 40.7% and 39.5% respectively. The ADF supported part of the Program will focus on the Districts with less than 50% rural water supply coverage in Nampula and Zambezia Provinces as follows:
Nr.ComponentCost (UA)Component description
1Decentralized Planning Support1.54 RWSS Master Plans (2); District Plans (30); Equipment (National, provincial and district); and Staff.
2Capacity building0.37 Government staff training (170); Private sector training (50); and NGO capacity building (30).
3Rural Water Supply Infrastructure5.35 Water points (new wells and rehabilitated/ new boreholes (570); and Small Piped Systems (4).
4Rural Sanitation1.54 Hygiene and sanitation promotion (34 districts); Demonstration centres and local artisan association (34 districts); Household investment in latrine improvement (100,000).
5Technical Assistance and Consultancy: 0.51 National level; Provincial level; Technical assistance; Outsourcing procurement services; Outsourcing external monitoring and PAF; Annual external money for value Audit; Contract management consultancy; Financial management consultancy; Procurement management consultancy; Technology options and business packages
6.Testing Alternative Options0.28 Latrines (2,000); supply chains; management models.
7.Program Management0.67 Program management; annual audits; annual value for money annual audits Total10.25
Program Objectives To increase sustainable access to l water supply and sanitation
Mozambique is not on track to meet its MDG targets in rural water supply and sanitation and requires an accelerated and coordinated effort on the part of Government, development partners, NGOs, the private sector and others to get back on track.
Capacity in both the public and private sector remains a critical con-straint to implementation of rural water supply and sanitation pro-grams. Overcoming this constraint requires a concerted, program-matic approach to capacity development at all levels.
Rural poverty - as the proportion of the rural population continues to decline, the proportion of the poor in the rural population can be ex-pected to increase, as it is the poor who tend to be left behind.
Continued migration of the young, productive population to cities leaves behind rural 'ghettos' of children and the elderly who are among the most vulnerable and dependent groups at the same time the Government is urging rural people to grow more food to lessen the country's dependence on food imports. Adequate water supply and sanitation facilities are important incentives for rural populations and an important contribution to their productive capacity.
There is an estimated funding gap of 56.8 million USD for the period 2009-2011 if the MDGs for water and sanitation are to be achieved.
2.5. Program's target area and population
The PRONASAR's reach is the entire rural area of Mozambique. However the ADF supported interventions are in Nampula and Zambezia Provinces which at 3.39 million, and 3.73 million respectively are the most densely populated in Mozambique, in addition to having poor water coverage of 40.5% and 39.3% respectively (DNA 2009). The Program will address imbalances in coverage within the provinces and districts, and will promote aid harmonization and institutional reforms in the RWSS sub- sector, with particular focus on capacity development at district and local levels. The rural population benefitting from the PRONASAR is estimated at 3.8 million out of a total rural population of 16.9 million, whilst the rural population in Nampula and Zambezia Provinces benefitting in improved water supplies and improved sanitation, health and hygiene facilities is estimated at 300,000, and 500,000 respectively.
ALEOBUA Boniface Osimua Yakubu - OWAS2