Emergency Humanitarian Relief Assistance to Drought Victims
- Reference: P-SO-IZ0-003
- Approval date: 21/07/2011
- Start date: 20/07/2012
- Appraisal Date: 20/07/2011
- Status: ApprovedAPVD
- Implementing Agency: GOVERNMENT OF SOMALIA MINISTRY OF FINANCE
3.1 Objectives and Description of the Emergency Assistance
3.1.1 The objective of the proposed Bank emergency humanitarian relief assistance is to contribute to the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia, Somaliland, Puntland and UN's efforts in providing urgent food aid distributions and deliveries of food and water purification supplies to drought affected families in arid and semi-arid areas. The emergency relief assistance operation will be funded through a grant from the Bank's Special Relief Fund (SRF). The total grant amount will be limited to the approved country ceiling of US$1,000,000 (one million United States Dollars). The grant funds will be used to purchase food items and water, as well as associated costs of transportation and distribution of food rations to the beneficiaries and for administrative charges.
3.1.2 Relief food assistance will be channeled through targeted food distribution to households affected by the drought, mainly the vulnerable groups (widows, orphans, female and elderly-headed households) without alternative means of survival. Due to the imminent shortfalls, local and regional purchases will be made. Local and regional purchase has the added benefit of supporting the national and regional agricultural economies.
1.2 Justification for Emergency Assistance 1.2.1 According to the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) and the USAID's Famine Early Warning Systems Network-the ongoing drought has led to a critical decline in food security among the pastoral communities and poor urban households. Due to the failure of the April - June long rains in some areas and below average rainfall in others, the numbers in need of assistance are expected to rise in the coming weeks. But the humanitarian response in Somalia in particular is hampered by funding shortfalls and new contributions are urgently needed. It is essential that we move quickly to break the destructive cycle of drought and hunger that forces farmers to sell their means of production as part of their survival strategy. While dressing emergency needs, WFP is working to strengthen resiliency of communities that live in drought-prone areas, using food assistance to support smallholder farmers and helping people to adapt to changes in weather patterns. 1.2.2 WFP aims to feed 1.2 million people in the capital, Mogadishu, in central and northern Somalia. The number will increase from July 1st under a new emergency operation to assist 2.65 million people. WFP is working with the national government in the drought-affected areas and sharing the case-load of the numbers who require food assistance. While other droughts may have lasted longer, the current drought has been particularly severe and its impact has been exacerbated by extremely high food prices, reduced coping capacity and a limited humanitarian response, experts say. As the number of hungry rises, more resources will be needed to meet the need for food assistance. WFP estimates that around US$477 million is needed to address hunger needs in the region through to the end of the year. Currently, it has a 40 percent shortfall in funding, with about US$190 million still needed. 1.2.3 In the medium term, major stakeholders including Government, Donors and Humanitarian agencies recognize the need to
(i) improve relief coordination efforts;
(ii) put in place a policy of predictable tariffs on the import of maize;
(iii) scaling-up and consolidation of existing social protection measures; and
(iv) increase investment in the drought prone arid and semi arid lands and to create a drought management system in Somalia.
KOUASSI Akoupo Donatien - OREB