Community Agricultural Infrastructure Improvement Programme - Project II CAIIP-2


  • Reference: P-UG-AB0-002
  • Approval date: 17/09/2008
  • Start date: 02/09/2009
  • Appraisal Date: 01/06/2008
  • Status: OngoingOnGo


The project consists of one core field component and two service components, with the following outputs. These are: (a)Rural Infrastructure Improvement; (b) Community Mobilisation, through local participation in prioritization and maintenance of the physical infrastructures; and (c) Programme Facilitation, including supplementary support for the existing Project Facilitation Team (PFT), monitoring and evaluation; and financial management activities

Detailed Description of Activities and Components:


A.1Rural Roads Improvement:

A.1.1 The project will rehabilitate 225 km of district roads (15 km per district) and 4365 km of Community access roads (45 km per sub-county) to all weather gravelled roads. Currently virtually no maintenance is carried out on the existing community access roads. The investment will thus include the annual routine and recurrent maintenance of these roads once improved, leading to a cumulative maintenance target of 439 km of district roads and 8515 km of community access roads. The community access roads will particularly link homesteads to farms and sub county markets. The method of construction will be by equipment or labour-based methods following standards set by the MoWT. Maintenance, however, will be undertaken by local communities using labour-based methods in line with the Government's strategy for the development and maintenance of the District Urban and Community Access Roads (DUCAR). The communities will be sensitized to ensure that they engage at least 50% women among the labour gangs to help generate some cash incomes for up-keep of their households. The project will fund labour requirements for maintenance over and above the 50% statutory contributions of the communities. The communities will be made aware, not only of the benefits but also of their obligations, towards the new investments and the need for their maintenance. The MoWT will be facilitated by the Project to undertake at least 30% of the designs of the road works to facilitate early take off prior to engagement of design consultants for the rest of the road works. This percentage will be reviewed during implementation.

A.1.2 Having identified investments eligible for funding after prioritization and inventorization using the existing AAMP's model for economic analysis and prioritization of district roads, the district local government will

(i) include the costs of infrastructure investments in the AWP/B;

(ii) make adequate arrangements to ensure that the infrastructure can be operated and maintained over the long-term;

(iii) draw up tender documents for work to be contracted out; and

(iv) supervise all ongoing infrastructure-related contracts financed under the programme. The District Engineering Departments will have overall responsibility for the community roads and will prepare the designs and also supervise construction. When a particular district has no capacity for design work, the job will be contracted out. The consultancy services, apart from the procurement of the consultant firm, will consist of engineering design, tendering, construction supervision of civil works and training. Guidance and on the job training will be provided by the Infrastructure Engineers in the PFT. Given that available funds will cover only 15 km of roads per district, prioritization for district roads will be undertaken during PY1 for all the districts. Selection of community access roads will be limited to community prioritization only.

A.1.3 The alignment of the district roads will generally follow the existing ones requiring only short horizontal adjustments without any major changes. The selected roads will be designed according to the standards of the Ministry of Works and Transport (MoWT) in Uganda. A carriageway width of 5.5 m from shoulder to shoulder will be adopted with a design speed of 70 kph in the flat terrain open country and 50 kph through hilly terrain and established villages. Improvements to horizontal and vertical alignments will be made where necessary to meet the desirable geometric criteria to satisfy traffic safety requirements. A uniform gravel pavement layer of 0.10 m adhering to the specifications of the MoWT will be applied for the entire road surface. The road foundations will be protected by side drains. Most of the drainage structures will be in the form of concrete pipe culverts and bridges and these together with side drains will be constructed along the whole stretch of the road.

A.1.4 With regards to the rehabilitation of the community based roads, the focus will be on roads that are impassable due to poor road condition, damaged or non-existent drainage structures, bridges and culverts, and/or which suffer perennial blockages during the wet seasons. The alignment of the proposed community access roads for rehabilitation will generally follow the existing ones requiring only short horizontal adjustments without any major changes. The community access roads shall be constructed by contract using either equipment based methods or labour intensive methods and in accordance with the standards of the Ministry of Works and Transport (MoWT). A carriageway width of 4.5 m from shoulder to shoulder will be adopted for the rehabilitation of existing community access roads, while for new roads that need to be constructed, the width shall be 3.6 m from shoulder to shoulder. There will be spot regravelling with a uniform gravel wearing course of 0.10 m along the stretches on the road where gravelling is required as determined at the design stage and adhering to the specifications of the MoWT. The surface cross-section design camber shall be 7% and will be applicable for the entire road surface. The road foundations will be protected by side drains. Almost all the drainage structures will be in the form of concrete pipe culverts and these together with side drains will be constructed along the whole stretch of the road.

A.2Marketplace Improvement

A.2.1 The Project will improve one marketplace per sub-county or a total of 97 market places. The selection will be based on established linkage to existing and potential economic activities. The infrastructure will include stalls, shades, limited produce storage, cold rooms and some agro-processing and packaging units,. These will include rice hullers/millers, fruit and grain millers, peanut cracker and peanut paste machines, cassava a chipping equipment and honey extractors. The promotion of these facilities in the market places will encourage the grass-roots communities and the private sector to take advantage of the opportunities to invest in and sustainably manage these infrastructures. The proposal will aim to provide as much as possible an integrated market structure equipped with agro-processing facilities, fencing for security and ramps for disabled access. Furthermore, the markets would be equipped with adequate latrines, solid waste disposal depots, guttering, and a borehole for the provision of water to the market and the ablution blocks. Fire fighting equipment would be provided and personnel appropriately trained. The market will be provided with electricity for light and agro-processing.

a.2.2 Following existing procedures, the Districts will tender out the operation of the marketplaces to private operators. Ownership will remain with the districts and the local communities. The sub-counties will give an undertaking to the MoLG that, as from PY3, they will use the market revenues primarily for the maintenance of the market infrastructures. The markets will act as growth centres and provide opportunities for other non-farm enterprises and businesses to spring up. This will in turn enhance increased revenues from the market places.

A.2.3 The Project will assist the 97 target market places with two main kinds of energy investments solar and diesel equipments. Where the grid is sufficiently close to a large market-place to enable economical extension and connection to the market place, then the grid will be extended to complement the solar and diesel energy supplied to these markets places. The grid extension will serve both markets and agro-processing and 20km of grid extension is estimated for the project. The installation of the marketplace electrification will be contracted out. The project will support the design and supervision activities which will include technical design of energy packages; preparation of bid documents; assistance in evaluation of proposals; monitoring of installation and operation. The contractors will be expected to operate the facility for the first three years. After three years, the responsibility to operate and maintain the energy systems will be handed over to the sub-counties. This time is to allow for stability and learning process for the operation and maintenance of the systems. It will be integrated to the overall sub-county plans for management of the marketplaces through the market management committees. The cost of running the markets, including the operation and maintenance for the rural energy will come from the marketplace revenues. The World Bank-assisted Energy for Rural Transformation (ERT) Programme staff in the districts will provide technical supervision for the energy sub-component of CAIIP.


B.1. The project will finance community mobilization activities to make small rural farm holders, interest groups and communities aware of the programme. This will enable them to participate actively in the inventorization, prioritization, selection and implementation of their choice of local area infrastructure interventions. This will also assist to establish the necessary structures that will ensure the maintenance and sustainability of their investments. NAADS will adopt its existing systems and approaches for agricultural enterprise promotions to undertake community mobilization for rural infrastructure improvement. It will work closely with the Districts in selecting the sub-counties to be included in the project. Among the criteria for selection will be NAADS presence in the sub-county (evidence of on-going mobilization, promotion of crop enterprises, presence of service providers); capacity to manage and account for project resources; and potential for economic growth (entrepreneurship, private sector presence, presence of contractors).

B.2Community mobilization will be sensitive to gender issues. The project will finance gender sensitization, which will also involve men, including husbands, and the issue of income expropriation will be among the themes. Community Development Workers already working in the districts will also be involved in community mobilisation activities, which will include training for prioritization and sensitization workshops. The Community Mobilization Officers will work closely with NAADS and the Local Governments in mobilization and sensitization efforts. In areas where NAADS is yet to roll out, the same principle will apply but mobilization will be led by the Community Mobilization Officers pending the roll out of NAADS. These officers will be trained at the DANIDA-financed Mt. Elgon Training Institute in order to catalyse the involvement of gender issues within the scope of project activities, as well as to increase women's participation and support for affirmative action in decision making process. Mobilization will target farmers groups, women groups and community appointed road maintenance gangs (of which at least 50% will be women).


C.1. The Project will provide resources for management and coordination, including project and district coordination equipment, training, monitoring and evaluation, supervision, preparation of audit and progress reports and studies. The component will also include the costs of mainstreaming the environmental mitigation and monitoring measures into the project. The ongoing CAIIP-I has a Project Facilitation Team (PFT) which will be used to manage the CAIIP-II. Both projects will share the costs of the PFT. However, in order to facilitate supervision and technical support in the 13 Northern districts, a small Zonal Office will be established at Lira to oversee districts in Northern Uganda. The districts in Eastern and Central Uganda will be supervised from the CAIIP-I Office in Kampala. The PFT will be strengthened by recruitment of an Agro-processing Specialist and a Monitoring and Evaluation Officer at Kampala. The Zonal Office will be staffed with an Infrastructure Engineer, a Community Mobilization Specialist, an M&E Officer and a Zonal Accountant.


The specific objectives are to enhance farmers' access to markets, attract competitive prices and increased incomes through improvements in rural infrastructures and their management by well mobilized communities.


The Bank has a large agricultural portfolio in Uganda with considerable accumulated experience in the Sector. Congruent to Government's policy shift from conventional production oriented to market oriented agriculture through infrastructural development, the Bank in 2000 and 2001 financed two agricultural infrastructure projects, namely AAMP, and NSADP. The Bank's review of Uganda's agriculture and rural sector carried out in 2005 recommended investment in community agricultural infrastructure where major financing gaps were found to exist under the Pillars of the PMA, particularly in respect to infrastructure for access to markets and agro-processing. The Government conceived the CAIIP initiative to extend on a wider scale the successful results and impacts coming from the AAMP and NSADP. The Bank funded the first project (CAIIP-1) within the limits of available resources with co-financing from IFAD. CAIIP-2 is therefore a roll-over from CAIIP-1. By supporting the implementation of CAIIP-2, the Bank will have contributed to the development of the Northern region of Uganda, which was adversely affected by the armed conflict for the past 20 years.

The project also augurs well with the Bank's reponse to address the current food crisis in Africa in the medium term, through the enhancement of agricultural production and productivity by investing in rural infrastructure. The Bank's comparative advantage and added value derives from its cumulative experience and positive achievements from implementing rural infrastructure projects within its large agricultural portfolio in Uganda.


(i)Increase in the volume of agricultural produce marketed by 60%;

(ii)Increase in the share of market price by farmers by 20%;

(iii)225 km of district roads and 4365 km of community access roads rehabilitated;

(iv)97 market places constructed, and equipped with storage capacity, agro-processing equipment installed (56 rice hullers; 97 grain mills; 28 honey extractors, 14 peanut past machines, 10 tomato pulpers, 56 cassava chipping machines, 97 produce stores, 22 milk coolers; 28 peanut crackers and 65 cold rooms), and power supply installed (97 Solar; 97 Diesel; and energy from 20km of grid extension. provided)

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Finance source Amount
ADFUAC 45,000,000
GovernmentUAC 5,922,200
TotalUAC 50,922,200