Abidjan-Lagos Corridor Study
- Reference: P-Z1-DB0-130
- Appraisal Date: 04/03/2015
- Board Presentation: 14/10/2015
- Status: LendingLEND
- Implementing Agency: ECOWAS - Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
- Location: WEST AFRICA
The proposed project components are: a)Technical Studies: Conduct feasibility study, including ESIA, and detailed engineering design. The design shall appraise:
(i) new alignment for the highway (as tier one) and existing alignment (as tier 2) with connectivity to sea ports and major trunk routes to landlocked countries;
(ii) a PPP viability assessment for investment and operations of the corridor;
(iii) detailed road safety audit; and,
(iv) independent technical audits of the engineering design. b)Trade and Transport Facilitation and OSBP Management: Studies on modalities, including legal and institutional aspects, necessary for the smooth and efficient movement of goods and people and for all modes of transport services. This include, but not limited to:
(i) liberalisation and harmonisation of transportation and custom procedures for all users;
(ii) systems for the effective operations of one-stop border post;
(iii) framework for spatial economic development on the corridor. The detailed scope and associated cost will be finalised at appraisal. c)Corridor Management: Studies in support of effectively managing the operations of the corridor as prescribed in the Treaty. This comprises studies on the legal, institutional and operational structures, as well as capacity building, necessary for instituting and operating the Abidjan-Lagos Corridor Development Authority (ALCoDA). The support is expected to also assist with operational expenditure, over a limited period, during the initial incubation period of ALCoDA. A detailed analysis on establishing ALCoDA, and the associated cost, will be finalised at appraisal. d)Technical Assistance Service to ECOWAS: Support to the Executing Agency on project management, PPP advisory, capacity building and project visibility (marketing) activities. Support to the PPP advisory/knowledge services will assist ECOWAS in scaling up private sector participation for investment. e)Financial Audit Services: Conduct financial audit services to ensure that funds are effectively utilized for the intended purposes.
The objective of the study is therefore to identify project definition that will facilitate meeting the above development aspirations. Key objectives of the study is to appraise, but no limited to, the following: a.New alignment for the project road vs. existing alignment. b.All aspects for effective implementation and efficient operations of hard and soft infrastructure and systems. This will include, and not limited to, engineering, economic, financial, environmental, social, legal, institutional, etc. c.Interconnectivity with existing and future railway and port infrastructure
This corridor is part of the ECOWAS and WAEMU transport and road transit facilitation regional program and is the highest priority corridor for the economic and social development of West Africa as it links the most economically important cities of the sub-region and has a large zone of influence with respect to trade and demographics. The study is in line with the ECOWAS Vision 2020 which aims to deepen the integration and harmonisation of trade formalities.
The corridor's development aligns with the Bank's strategies for the participating countries. The project, when completed, will promote development of seamless cross-border regional transport infrastructure which is articulated around the infrastructure related pillars of the respective CSPs.
Since 2011, West Africa's economic growth has accelerated and estimated to reach 7.4% in 2014, making it one of the fastest growing regions of the continent. However, the growth is attributed to a few economies dominated by Nigeria and the growth trajectory, in general, starts from a low baseline in comparison with the East, North and South regions of the continent. The development challenges are associated with the relatively high poverty and inequality in some countries. The region is home to some of the poorest economies on the continent with poverty inequality averaging more than 60% of the population in some countries.
The key transport-related development issue is the lack of adequate cross-border transport and logistical infrastructure and inter-operability of platforms. While good progress have been made in the WAEMU region, where intra-regional trade is 13.5%, the share of ECOWAS intra-regional trade remains low, at about 7.5% of total trade and lower than some of its counterparts on the continent.
A key rationale of the study is to ensure the parameters for the free and efficient movement of trade merchandise are clearly identified for implementation. Emphasis will be placed on designing an effective trade facilitation regime integrated with the required infrastructure.
The project road, when implemented, will serve as an express route for all regional and intercity traffic for trade goods and people. The development objective is to substantially transform the corridor into an efficient and competitive trade corridor that would appreciably generate economic growth among the member states and the region as a whole. The region is experiencing significant investment in trade-linked infrastructure, particular in ports (e.g. Lome, Cotonou, Lagos/Lekki, Tema and Dakar), and an efficient road network will have a multiplier effect on the investment flow into the region.
Through the improvement of the road infrastructure and simplifying the border controls for the safe and efficient movement of persons and goods, the benefits of the project are as follows:
a.Reduce the cost of transport and transit time and improve security on the corridor and facilitate transformation into sustainable development corridor. b.Stimulate and accelerate economic and social development on the corridor and improve food security at a sub-regional level. c.Stimulate partnership between the public and private sectors for investment. The main objective of the study is to determine the viability and provide all the project preparatory studies of a multi-lane carriageway highway to meet the development potential of the above corridor.
OPOKU-DARKWA Patrick - OITC1