NELSON MANDELA INSTITUTE - AFRICAN INSTITUTIONS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY


Overview

  • Reference: P-Z1-IA0-013
  • Appraisal Date: 15/12/2015
  • Board Presentation: 30/03/2016
  • Status: PipelinePIPE
  • Implementing Agency: ECOWAS - Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
  • Location: Nigeria, Burkina Faso and Tanzania

Description

11.1 UST, the 2iE and the AIST stand as good examples of donors' joint efforts in promoting the development of high level training and research in S&T to help build human capital for Africa. The AUST-Abuja, which was, established with strong support from the World Bank (USD 2.5 million grant and the African Development Bank (UA 7.00 grant) still benefits from contribution from these donors and others. It was recently selected on a competitive basis as one Centre of Excellence within the World Bank's financed African Centers of Excellence (ACE) project and as such will benefit from a USD 8.00 World Bank loan to the Federal Government of Nigeria. The 2iE-Ouagadougou was established with the support of the French Cooperation (EUR 10.7 million). It received a substantial grant from the ADF (UA 4.00 million). It has also been selected for the ACE project and will benefit from a USD 8.00 World Bank loan to the Government of Burkina Faso. Government of Tanzania established the NM-AIST Arusha in 2011 and like the other two institutes it receives substantial support from bilateral partners, foreign universities, private sector and industry.

11.2 roject will be comprised of four components:

(i) Enhancing training and research in petroleum and materials sciences (AUST Abuja),

(ii) Enhancing training and research in water and energy engineering (2iE Ouagadougou),

(iii) Enhancing training and research in life and earth sciences (NM-AIST Arusha), and

(iv) Coordination and Regional Cooperation.

11.3 onor coordination initiated for the design and implementation of the SNAIST project will continue within the context of the new project. The Bank worked consulted with the World Bank during the SNAIST process. For the new project, the activities, which are prioritized, are those with the greatest impact on the improvement of training and research. Implementation of all donor-funded activities through the same institutional Implementation Unit in the respective institutions is also conducive to harmonization by avoiding duplication and ensuring complementarity. The ACE and the NM-AISTs project will be implemented within this context.


Objectives

The development objective is to increase Africa's competitiveness and growth through the development of skilled human capital in science and technology. The overall impact is the improvement of the quality of life of Africa's populations. The project aims to enhance "skills and technology" which is one of the five operational priorities of the TYS and is also one major focus of the Human Capital Strategy highlighting the need to address the pervading question of youth unemployment (a major concern for Africa) through relevant skills. The outcome of the project is to strengthen: 1) AUST Abuja, 2iE Ouagadougou, and AIST Arusha as world class universities relevant to Africa's needs, 2) the regional and pan-African character of the 3 institutions, 3) the financial viability of the 3 institutions, and 4) to increase the participation of female students in MSc and PhD programs.

The project will be comprised of four components:

(i) Enhancing training and research in petroleum and materials sciences (AUST Abuja),

(ii) Enhancing training and research in water and energy engineering (2iE Ouagadougou),

(iii) Enhancing training and research in life and earth sciences (NM-AIST Arusha), and

(iv) Coordination and Regional Cooperation.


Rationale

9.1 project responds to continent-wide, regional and national priorities for economic development in Africa. The AUC's Education Plan of Action for the Decade (2006-2015) recognizes the role of knowledge and innovation in the world economy and the role higher education as a core resource base for the attainment of the MDGs/SDGs and highlights the need to fully exploit the "potential of higher education to provide African-led solutions to African problems. The ECOWAS's Strategic Plan 2016-2021 under preparation, as well as the EAC's Development Strategy 2011 -2016 highlight the need for investing in education, science and technology in order to develop creative and productive human resources able to add value to Africa's tremendous natural resources and spur sustainable growth. RECs and African countries count on the development of regional centres of excellence to meet the high level human capital needs. The project also supports the vision of African leaders to enhance Science and Technology under the Nelson Mandela Institution for Knowledge Building and the Advancement of Science and Technology in SSA (NMI), launched in 2001 as a global effort to support the creation of world-class learning institutions or centers of excellence in Africa. The Bank has received a request for support to the 3 institutions from the NMI Chair. The project is also in line with the development priorities of the host countries as expressed in their CSPs which highlight infrastructure development for economic growth. The sustainable development of infrastructure will benefit from the national and regional capacity developed in these institutions through the training of engineers and technicians and research in their programs which focus mainly on infrastructure-related areas as presented in Annex 2. Furthermore, the country strategies emphasize crosscutting themes such as gender, human development (skills development), youth employment, and resilience to climate change in order to guarantee inclusive and green growth.

9.2 project is in line with the ADB's development priorities as expressed in the Ten Year Strategy (TYS) 2013-2022, the Human Capital Strategy 2013-2017, and the President's High Five Agenda, will support Africa's progress towards the knowledge economy. Skills and Technology is one of the five operational priorities of the TYS and is also one major focus of the Human Capital Strategy, which highlights the need to address the pervading question of youth unemployment through relevant skills. The project will also create conditions to further the attainment of SDG 4 (Quality Education) and 8 (full and productive employment and decent work). The project will contribute to the achievement of the Bank's High Five Agenda, as qualified human capital is essential for the growth of all sectors. Indeed, the training and research programs in place in the 3 institutions are much related to Energy, Industry and Agriculture, which are essential to improve the quality of life of populations. Besides, the project furthers regional integration through education, training and research. When compared to South Asia and the Pacific through the knowledge assessment methodology (KAM), Africa lags behind in the Knowledge Economy Index. The project will contribute to reducing the continent's delay by improving the training and research capacity in science and technology in higher education.

9.3 project will help to address graduate unemployment through improved relevance to market needs. Despite increasing investment in higher education, African countries in SSA are confronted with persisting unemployment of graduates from institutions of higher learning. Africa has one of the world's highest unemployment rates (12.0%, against 9.1% worldwide) and youths represent 60% of African unemployment. Investing in skills development in science and technology fields will improve the relevance of the training and the job market needs. The Project will contribute to reducing the mismatch between labor market skills needs by enhancing partnerships with the private sector (industry).

9.4 NMI system, which the project supports through the three universities, is a Regional Public Good (RPG). It is in line with the TYS and the High Five Agenda which both stress regional integration as a priority, the Regional Integration Policy and Strategy (RISPoS) 2014-2023 and the Regional Integration Strategy Papers (RISP) for West and East Africa for 2011 -2015. Both RISPs have human capacity building as a major focus. Besides, the three institutions, which are mandated to serve their region and the entire continent, will help improve the regional approach through higher education and training and mobility of skilled labor. Furthermore, the proposed project is in line with the pure RPG definition as specified in the Bank's Revised Regional Operations Selection and Prioritization Framework (2014) since it has a non-rivalry and non-excludability character, has public and regional dimensions and the Bank's role is still catalytic in this critical phase of consolidation of these institutions within the NMI system. The detailed test for RPG eligibility is attached (annex 1). ..


Benefits

PROJECT BBENEFITS etablish world-class graduate and post-graduate programmes in science, technology, innovation and governance to provide Africa the skills needed to add value to its natural resources and enhance its competitiveness and growth. It will result in the constitution of critical masses of talents in priority areas for Africa, while reducing the brain drain. Countries will benefit through enhanced mobility of students, lecturers and researchers. It will foster regional integration through higher education. Besides, perspectives offered to graduates (pursuing research in the African context to address African problems, incubation programmes leading to start ups) will limit brain drain.


Key contacts

OLAOYE Bolanle Patricia - OSHD2


Estimated Cost

Amount
 20,000,000