Expansion of Irrigation Schemes in Farm Blocks
- Reference: P-ZM-AAC-005
- Appraisal Date: 25/04/2014
- Board Presentation: 22/10/2014
- Status: PipelinePIPE
- Implementing Agency: MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE - WATER DEVELOPMENT
- Location: Nationwide
COMPONENT 1: FARM SURVEY AND DEMARCATIONS Land survey for 85,000 ha Land allocation by category
COMPONENT 2: INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT Services Centres Access roads and bridges Dams, boleholes and irrigation facilities Electrification Social services (helath and education facilities)
COMPONENT 3: CAPACITY BUILDING Outgrower schemes Technical and enterprenuership training for farmers and staff Farm block and scheme management structures
COMPONENT 4: PROJECT MANAGEMENT Project team Supervision, moniroring and backstopping Project facilities
The Government of the Republic of Zambia has identified Agriculture as one of the engines to economic development hence the commitment to develop agriculture as the main stay of the economy and to this effect every province is proposed to have at least one productive farm block. This position was adopted through a presidential directive in parliament in 2002. This directive comes from a background that Zambia can no longer depend on copper receipts because of their unreliability. This saw the inception of a Mult-Sectoral Sub-Committee to spearhead and coordinate the development of Farm Blocks. This is how the Government of the Republic of Zambia has hence embarked on a programme to open up farm blocks throughout the country. A farming block is envisaged to be a large agricultural area where basic infrastructure for agriculture such as feeder roads, electricity, and water for irrigation and communication facilities are provided. To justify the large expense involved in infrastructure development in the farm block, the area involved must be sufficiently large so as to achieve economies of scale.
The Farm Block development model will operate an out grower arrangement anchored on the core venture. The categories will be as follows: i. Core venture: there will only be one in this category. It will be located in the centre of the farm block. The area of this farm will be 9500 hectares and will be fully developed by either an investor or by GRZ. The farm will be used as a fall back for sustaining the small scale farmers in the event of hardships. ii. Large scale farms: the number of farms in this category will be three (03). These will be located mainly at the periphery of the farm block. The area of these farms will be in the range of 2000 and 5000 hectares. The sizes of these farms are 2115 ha, 2812 ha, and 3923 ha, covering a total area of 8,850 hectares. iii. Medium scale farms: the number of farms in this category will be twenty three (23). These will be scattered throughout the farm block. The area of these farms will be in the range of 500 and 2000 hectares. They cover a total area of 20,969 hectares. iv. Small-scale farms: the number of farms in this category will be 328. These will be located all over the farm block. The area of these farms will be in the range of 25 and 500 hectares. The total area of these farms is 46,748 hectares. The grand total of the Farm Categories comes to 86, 067 hectares.
The farm block concept will commercialise smallholder farmers and link them to commercial markets. Idle land will become economically active and export and commercial crops will be grown to reduce food insecurity.
BANGWE Lewis Mupeta - OSAN1