Methodology


The Africa Visa Openness Index will track changes in country scores over time to show which countries are making improvements that support freer movement of people across Africa.

Data has been collected from immigration, visa agencies and travel operators across Africa. This includes data on visa regulations collected by McKinsey & Company, UNECA and AfDB.

The higher a country's score in the Index, the more visa-open it is and the higher it ranks. Scores range from 0 - 1 (highest).

Index categories

  • Visa required
  • Visa on arrival
  • No visa

Each category is weighted based on its degree of openness. For example, a 'no visa' result is weighted by 1 (high openness), 'visa on arrival' is weighted by 0.8 and a 'visa required' by 0.

Index category indicators based on 55 African countries[1]:

  • Number of countries from whose citizens a visa is required as a % of total number of countries
  • Number of countries whose citizens can get a visa on arrival as a % of total number of countries
  • Number of countries from whose citizens no visa is required as a % of total number of countries

A country's score is calculated by adding the results from all three indicators:

(% of visa required x 0) + (% of visa on arrival x 0.8) + (% of no visa x 1) = country visa openness score.


[1] 54 African countries recognised by the African Union, www.au.int/en/countryprofiles, plus Morocco