Zimbabwe Multi-Donor Trust Fund
In 2010, a group of donors, in a bid to support priority recovery activities of the Government of Zimbabwe, decided to create the Zimbabwe Multi-Donor Trust Fund (the ZimFund), as a successor to the Zimbabwe Programmatic Multi-Donor Trust Fund (Zim-MDTF). The African Development Bank (AfDB) was designated to manage the ZimFund with endorsement of the Government, the donor community and the United Nations. This was at their subsequent meetings in Harare and Washington in 2010.
The ZimFund was established on t May 31, 2010, following approval by the Boards of Directors of the African Development Bank Group of recommendations contained in a document entitled “Establishment of a Multi-Donor Trust Fund for Zimbabwe”. Negotiations between the Bank and donors on the modalities to establish the Fund were concluded in July 2010.
Purpose of the ZimFund
The purpose of the ZimFund is to contribute to early recovery and development efforts in Zimbabwe by mobilizing donor resources and promoting donor coordination in Zimbabwe, so as to channel financial assistance to such efforts. The thematic scope of the ZimFund initially focuses on infrastructure investments in water and sanitation, as well as in energy.
Size of the ZimFund
The size of the Fund is determined by the willingness of development partners to contribute to it over time. To date, donors’ commitments to the ZimFund, in various currencies, add up to an equivalent of USD 144.5 million, out of which an actual amount of about USD 140.80 million has been released to the Fund’s account as at end November 2015. In line with ZimFund objectives, the amount mobilised has been allocated to finance the Urgent Water Supply and Sanitation Rehabilitation Project (UWSSRP) and Emergency Power Infrastructure Rehabilitation Project (EPIRP). The table below shows the cumulative amounts disbursed by the Fund’s donors as at November 30, 2015.
Contribution into ZimFund as at November 30, 2015
Amounts Received (USD)
The Fund has a one-tier governance structure: a Program Oversight Committee (POC) supported by an MDTF Management Unit (MMU). Membership includes representatives from government and contributing development partners (on a rotational basis). It is co-chaired by a government representative and a donor representative.
The POC provides overall strategic direction to the Fund, and oversees its implementation. The POC meets on a quarterly basis or as often as required, and receives reports on resource mobilisation and activities supported by the ZimFund from the MMU. All ZimFund supported activities are consistent with the government’s recovery and development programs, and have a pro-poor focus.
Portfolio of projects financed under the ZimFund (as at end November 2015)
The current approved projects are in two phases of implementation, namely (i) the Urgent Water and Sanitation Rehabilitation Project (UWSSRP) (Phase I and II) and (ii) the Emergency Power Infrastructure Rehabilitation Project (EPIRP) (Phase I and II). Phase I projects were launched in December 2011, and have been completed. Phase II projects were launched in March 2014; they are at procurement stage. The allocation for UWSSRP Phase I was USD 43.607 million and USD 35.99 million for UWSSRP Phase II. EPIRP Phase I was allocated USD 39.61 million, while EPIRP Phase II was allocated USD 32.94 million. The total allocation for all the projects amounts to USD 152 million.
The Urgent Water Supply and Sanitation Rehabilitation Project (UWSSRP)
The objective of Phase 1 of the UWSSRP project was to provide support for restoration and stabilisation of water supply and sanitation services in six major cities, namely: Harare, Chitungwiza, Chegutu, Kwekwe, Masvingo and Mutare, with a combined total population of 2.5 million. Key outputs of the project include:
- Physical rehabilitation of municipal water supply and sanitation installations in the beneficiary cities/towns;
- Procurement, distribution of sewer cleaning vehicles and equipment to the beneficiary municipalities, including training;
- Conducting sanitation and hygiene education campaigns, investment in planning services and the completion of Institutional Capacity Development Consultancy ; and
- Removal of sludge from ponds in Harare, Chitungwiza and Chegutu.
Figure 1: The 10 ML Chikanga water reservoir in Mutare under construction
Figure 2: The completed 10 ML Chikanga water reservoir in Mutare
The project outcomes include: increased reliability, quality and availability of water supply in the project operational areas; restored wastewater treatment capacity; and reduced incidences of cholera and other water related diseases.
The second phase of the Urgent Water Supply and Sanitation Rehabilitation Project (UWSSRP II) furthers the benefits and impacts of the first phase of the UWSSRP. It comprises aspects that are not included in the first phase of the project. While Phase I focused more on restoring water and wastewater treatment capacity, Phase II complements Phase I by giving greater emphasis on improving both the water and sewerage network performance, strengthening commercial aspects and enhancing service delivery efficiency. All these contribute to successful non-revenue water management. Phase II will be implemented in Harare, Chitungwiza, Ruwa and Redcliff, serving an estimated population of 1.9 million people. The project seeks to protect public health through improvement of services. It also aims to preserve physical assets, resuscitate capacity and improve financial sustainability of water and sanitation service providers.
In addition to rehabilitation of water and sanitation infrastructure, the project will build capacity of service providers in operation and maintenance, enhancing sustainability. The interventions will be complemented with hygiene promotion, targeting the most vulnerable segment of the population. They will also support efforts of the local authorities to promote water conservation.
The Emergency Power Infrastructure Rehabilitation Project (EPIRP)
The project’s objective is to assist Zimbabwe to improve provision of adequate and reliable power supply in an environmentally sound manner through rehabilitation of the Ash Plant at Hwange Power Station as well as the sub-transmission and distribution facilities. Power supply interruptions, including shortages have had serious repercussions on efforts by the government to successfully turn around the economy in order to achieve sustainable social and economic growth targets. The project components include refurbishment of the Ash Plant at Hwange Power Station and the replacement of seven sub-transmission transformers, 16 sub-transmission circuit breakers, 507 distribution transformers, and a combined 360 km of cable and overhead lines throughout the country.
(A 50 MVA transformer installed at Norton substation)
Over 529,768 people in residential areas had their sewage reticulation powered by reliable power, while more than 11,632 others have been restored to the electricity network.
Phase II of the Emergency Power Infrastructure Rehabilitation Project (EPIRP) is designed to further the benefit of the Phase I interventions, and include aspects that are not addressed in Phase I. The objective of the project is to improve the availability and reliability of electricity supply through rehabilitation of generation, transmission and distribution facilities. This will be achieved through environmental interventions at Hwange Power Station, replacement of transmission and sub-transmission transformers, in addition to improvement of power supplies to water treatment and sewage treatment plants. The project target areas are Kwekwe, Gweru, Bulawayo, Masvingo, Mutare, Harare and Hwange, with a combined target population of five million people. The project’s key outputs include rehabilitated transmission and distribution networks (repaired and replaced cables, overhead lines, and transformers and their related accessories); rehabilitated systems at Hwange Power Plant comprising the Ash Dam, the Dust Suppression Plant for Coal Handling Plant and the Dirty Drain System for the whole power station; and a replaced vacuum cleaning plant.
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