Activities in Nigeria

Overview & key elements of interventions

  • The African Development Bank Group commenced operations in Nigeria in 1971.
  • It has invested over USD 3.82 billion (UA 2.5 billion*) on concessionary terms in all sectors of the country’s economy.
  • In the water and sanitation sector, the Bank has to-date financed over USD 904.5 million (UA 603 million).
  • The Bank’s funding in the water and sanitation sector is fully in line with the country’s strategic development plan and the Bank’s Country Strategy for Nigeria.
  • The Bank’s current water and sanitation project portfolio includes the on-going Rural Water and Sanitation Sub programmes in Yobe and Osun States and the Urban Water Supply; Sanitation improvement Project in Oyo and Taraba States; and the Zaria Water Supply Expansion and Sanitation Project in Kaduna.
  • Past flagship projects in the water and sanitation sector completed in the country with Bank financing include the Multi State Water Supply and Plateau State Water Supply Projects.
  • In line with the Country Strategy Paper 2013-2017, the National Borrowing Plan 2012-2014 and the Nigeria Transformation Agenda 2011-2015, the Bank will continue to be a key development partner in the Nigerian water and sanitation sector.

On-going projects

Rural Water and Sanitation Sub Programmes in Yobe and Osun States, approved in 2007.
The project aims at increasing access to safe water supply and sustainable sanitation for the rural communities in Yobe and Osun States thereby contributing to the achievement of the national target of 90% by 2015 and 100% by 2020.
The main components of the project are

  • Infrastructure provision consisting of
    • Water facilities -Hand Dug Wells: 1754 in Yobe and 605 in Osun; Boreholes: 1570 in Yobe and 542 in Osun; and Motorised Boreholes: 309 in Yobe and 96 in Osun;
    • Sanitation facilities- Sanplat latrines: 142817 in Yobe and 48412 in Osun, and
    • VIP latrines: 47091 in Yobe and 11260 in Osun.
  • Community Development - Water and Sanitation Committees (WASCOMs) will be formed and trained to strengthen their capacities to operate and manage the water and sanitation facilities installed; and
  • Sector Capacity Building - Support will be provided to ensure long-term sustainability at all levels of the sector including private sector and NGOs through provision of operational equipment and training of staff.

Key outcomes:

  • 2.56 million People in Yobe and 0.76 million in Osun with safe water by 2012.
  • 2.30 million People in Yobe and 0.68 million in Osun with hygienic sanitation facilities by 2012.
  • Functionality of RWSS facilities increased from <50% in 2006 to 100 % by 2012.
  • At least 30 % of WASCOMs positions filled by women

The total project cost is 57.55 million UA (88.05 Million USD).

Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Improvement Project in Oyo and Taraba States, approved in 2009.

The project Objectives are :

  • to increase access to potable water supply to 80% in Ibadan and Jalingo;
  • deliver sanitation facilities to markets, health clinics, and public schools in both cities;
  • Reduce school dropout rate for girls by 25% for both cities.

The main components of the project are:

  • Rehabilitation and extension of water and sanitation infrastructure, consisting of:
    • in Jalingo- the rehabilitation and drilling of new boreholes to augment the current supply; construction of environmental protection infrastructure to divert flood water from the main wellfield in the City, rehabilitation and extension of 250 km of distribution network; purchase and installation of water meters for household connections; and construction of 25 full sanitation facilities for schools,  2 for health clinics, 2 for motor parks, and 2 market places; and
    • in Ibadan- Rehabilitation of  450 km of distribution network; installation of meters for household connections; and construction of 50 full sanitation facilities for schools, 4 for health clinics,  2 for motor parks, and 4 for market places.
  • Sector Reforms
    • Separation of water supply functions from regulation through legal and institutional reforms making the utility autonomous and the state the regulator;
    • PPP development and implementation;
  • Capacity building and Training for:
    • water utilities and  private operators;
    • PMT members through on-the-job training with consultants and contractors;
    • Behavioural change to foster willingness to pay  water tariffs;
    • Hygiene and Sanitation Behavioural Improvement of users  and Raising awareness and changing attitudes on sanitation, and
    • environmental cleanliness and personal hygiene among school pupils and residents in order to improve practices and create the needs to invest in new sanitation facilities.
  • Environment and Climate Change adaptation
    • in Jalingo-Water Resource Climate changes study including design for long term water supply needs for Jalingo City in Taraba.
    • in Ibadan- Comprehensive sanitation update study including solid wastes disposal and flood protection.

Beneficiaries:  1.4 million people in Ibadan and 100,000 in Jalingo
The total project cost is UA 58.82 million (USD 90 million).

Zaria Water Supply Expansion and Sanitation Project in Kaduna State approved in 2012.

The project Objectives are :

    • To improve access to safe water supply by residents (51% female) in the city of Zaria and its environs, from current levels of about 30% to 80% by 2016, and improve sanitation in schools, health centres and other public places like markets and motor parks (to 90%) by 2016,
    • To improve service provision and commercial viability of Kaduna State Board, and 
    • to improve personal hygienic practices among school pupils and residents.

The main components of the project are:

  • Infrastructure provision- Consisting of:
    • rehabilitation, extension of the existing water distribution networks;
    • installation of customer and bulk meters- 50,000 metres will be installed of which 10,000 will be for low income households;
    • construction of improved sanitation with Hand Washing, Septic Tank  for schools and public places
  • Institutional reforms and capacity building consisting of providing technical support to Kaduna State Water Board and other sector players to improve service delivery including provision of services to low income households and marginalised groups and establishment of a social connection fund to ensure access by all.  The component also includes support to staff of the Kaduna State ministry of women affairs and social development to ensure the ministry’s effective engagement in promoting women’s issues and concerns in the water and sanitation sector and .
  • Hygiene education and sanitation promotion- consisting of public health and hygiene education and promotion of improved sanitation, and Community awareness creation and mobilization activities for schools, households and public places.
  • Environment and Climate Change-
    • development of environmental protection measures and CC adaptation measures through promotion of the use of water tight toilets i.e. ecosan toilets and environmental education to promote improved hygiene and environmental sanitation among residents and
    • study and pilot programme for improved solid wastes management.

Beneficiaries:  1.2 million people in Zaria city and environs

The total project cost is UA 63.92 million (USD 97.80 million).

Projects under preparation

The Urban water sector reform and Port Harcourt water and sanitation project

The project objectives are to

  • provide access to safe drinking water and public sanitation in Port Harcourt and Obio/Akpor in Rivers State;
  • establish institutional and organizational arrangements for sustainability of the services in Port Harcourt and Obio/Akpor; and
  • strengthen Federal government’s capacity to facilitate urban Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) reform and performance improvements across the country.

For WSS services in Port Harcourt and Obio/Akpor, the project is structured around two components:

  • Infrastructure rehabilitation and expansion for water supply, construction of public sanitation facilities, and environmental protection of the water source.
  • Institutional support for PHWC and key stakeholders to ensure they fully play their respective roles in service provision; commercialisation of services; participatory consumer outreach and social inclusion; environmental protection and hygiene practices; establishment of PPPs to handle operations and support PHWC in managing the WSS facilities put in place; and a sanitation master plan for coordinated and gender responsive sanitation management.

The project also includes a component to support the Federal Government:

  • Urban Water Reform to enhance sector performance monitoring as well as the support provided by the Federal Ministry of Water Resources to the states on priority topics such as operationalization of the Low Income Household Strategy, urban WSS guidelines for Climate Change/Variability, and project preparation to promote investment opportunities.

Beneficiaries:  1.7 million people in Port Harcourt and Obio/Akpor Local Government Areas, as well as urban residents in other parts of Federal Republic of Nigeria that will benefit from urban WSS reform.

The total planned project cost is USD 355 million, of which AfDB plans to fund 210 million.

Latest update May 2013

Did you know

During 2014, the Bank Group approved operations in the water supply and sanitation sector amounting to US$ 390 million, including special funds transactions.

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