Development Effectiveness Reviews

The Development Effectiveness Reviews is a series of publications providing an overview of Africa’s development achievements and trends, and reviewing the African Development Bank’s contribution to development results on the continent. It also looks at how well we manage our operations and our own organisation.

To achieve its goals, the African Development Bank has to be a learning organization committed to improving its operations continuously. The development effectiveness reviews series constitutes a management tool that helps us with this learning process. Beginning with the first Annual Development Effectiveness Review published in 2011, this series also promotes transparency and accountability to our member countries and stakeholders.

Development Effectiveness Review 2015 on Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone is one of the success stories among countries emerging from conflict. After 10 years of civil war, its economy, infrastructure and institutions were heavily degraded, and its human development indicators were some of the worst in the world. However, with a series of peaceful elections and the closure of the UN Peacebuilding Office, Sierra Leone has succeeded in restoring political stability and has launched an ambitious process of national reconstruction and development.

In recent years, the African Development Bank (AfDB) has strengthened its capacity to work effectively in countries affected by conflict and fragility. In 2008, it established a Fragile States Facility to channel an additional US $2.5 billion to countries in transition from conflict to sustainable development. In 2014, it adopted a new strategy, Addressing Fragility and Building Resilience in Africa 2014–2019, which aims to make the Bank a leading actor in helping African countries address the root causes of conflict and fragility and achieve more resilient and inclusive development.

This Development Effectiveness Review (DER) reviews the Bank’s performance in supporting Sierra Leone’s post-conflict recovery from 2005 to 2014. It shows the practical results of our commitment to working more effectively in countries in fragile situations. It also demonstrates how the Bank helps its partner countries weather shocks and setbacks, such as the Ebola crisis. Throughout the document, we present results data from the Bank’s Results Measurement Framework, using traffic-light indicators to show how we performed against our targets. We also tell the story behind the numbers by presenting examples of our operations at work and testimony by beneficiaries.

Like other DERs, this Review is written in a straightforward and non-technical manner, so as to share the AfDB’s objectives, operations and results with partners and stakeholders in Sierra Leone and beyond. In addition to supporting our commitment to transparency, it serves as a useful management tool for our purposes, as we continue to adapt our support to a complex and rapidly evolving context.

Development Effectiveness Review on Ethiopia

The Development Effectiveness Review on Ethiopia 2015 examines Ethiopia’s development challenges in recent years and assesses the African Development Bank’s contribution to addressing them. It also looks at how effectively we manage our operations and our organisation in Ethiopia.

Ethiopia is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, averaging 10% growth over the past decade. Even with high population growth, the country’s per capita income has tripled over the last eight years. This strong economic performance has provided the Ethiopian Government with a platform for pursuing its ambitious national development agenda. As a result, over the past eight years 2.5 million people have been lifted out of poverty, and the proportion of Ethiopians living below the poverty line has fallen below 30%. 

Over the past 40 years, the AfDB has been a leading provider of development finance in support of Ethiopia’s national development agenda, with 118 projects at a total value of $4 billion. From 2005 to 2013, our investments have made a substantial contribution to expand Ethiopia’s road infrastructure and improve access to transport to over 7.5 million people. On electrification, our contribution helped Ethiopia to provide nearly 40,000 people with electricity connections. Our support for national water and sanitation programmes has made a major contribution to health outcomes, as we have achieved our target of providing improved water and sanitation to 250,000 people. We contributed budget support to Ethiopia’s ambitious decentralised Promoting Basic Services programme (PBS), helping to meet the salary costs of teachers, health workers and other frontline service providers. We have also supported successful private sector projects in Ethiopia – including the national airlines – and provided financial services to the many Ethiopians who run small and micro business through our microfinance programme which has benefited nearly 2 million people.

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Development Effectiveness Review 2015

Each year the African Development Bank publishes the Annual Development Effectiveness Review (ADER) to provide an overview of how it contributes to Africa’s development. This fifth edition of the ADER has innovation as its theme. Innovation means not only taking ideas from around the world and adapting them to Africa’s unique conditions, but also using new home-grown ideas from across the continent to improve lives.

The ADER addresses three broad questions:  What development progress is Africa making? How well is AfDB contributing to Africa’s development? And how well is AfDB managing itself to better support Africa’s development?

The report shows how the Bank’s work is in many aspects central to innovation, such as expanding markets through regional integration, promoting skills development in science and technology and, above all, supporting creation of the backbone infrastructure on which innovation depends.

The ADER provides evidence of the Bank’s contribution to Africa’s development and discusses how well it manages its portfolio and itself as an organisation. The ADER openly discusses its strengths and weaknesses and notes the reforms it is undertaking to become a stronger partner in development.
Through such initiatives as the Annual Development Effectiveness Review, it demonstrates accountability for the results of its efforts.

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Development Effectiveness Review - Energy

Energy is one of the most essential requirements for Africa’s development. In the 21st century, it is a matter of concern that over 620 million Africans still live without the benefits of an electricity connection. A reliable and affordable energy supply is key to generating the broad‑based and inclusive economic growth needed to make major inroads into poverty; it can transform the lives and livelihoods of Africans, helping them to take charge of their own development.

Energy is also a field of opportunity for Africa. The continent has significant share of the world’s renewable energy sources, of which only a fraction is under development. Africa has the potential to leapfrog over carbon‑intensive technologies and meet most of its future energy needs from renewable sources, putting it firmly on the path to green and inclusive growth.

The African Development Bank has therefore placed energy at the heart of its portfolio. Over the past four decades, we have invested over $13 billion in the energy sector, to boost generation capacity and rural electrification. 

We help African countries build modern energy sectors that are socially, economically and environmentally sustainable.

We will support regional investments that link national electricity systems into regional power pools, to enable power‑sharing across national borders and promote more efficient regional planning of energy infrastructure.

Working closely with our member states and international partners, the Bank will help the continent and its people realise the vision of reliable, affordable and sustainable power for all Africans.

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ADER-Annual Development Effectiveness Review 2014

Each year the African Development Bank publishes the Annual Development Effectiveness Review (ADER) to provide an overview of how it contributes to Africa’s development. The ADER 2014 is the fourth in the series, and explores the theme of Africa’s transformation into more fast-growing, and increasingly complex economies and societies. The ADER argues there is every prospect that Africa’s strong economic growth of the past 10 years will continue in the coming years.

The ADER addresses three broad questions:  What development progress is Africa making? How well is AfDB contributing to Africa’s development? And how well is AfDB managing itself to better support Africa’s development?

With nine of the world’s 15 fastest growing economies in Africa, this continent is becoming a pole of global growth. By 2025, most African countries will have middle-class majorities – people who are in a better position to demand services and good stewardship of public resources. This shift, together with diversifying economies and improving governance, heralds a move towards self-sustaining patterns of development for Africa.

The African Development Bank is contributing to this transformation .The report shows how the Bank is playing an important role in addressing Africa’s need to leverage its recent growth performance into a more profound transformation of the economy and society. It outlines some of the key results achieved through the Bank’s interventions across the continent in infrastructure development, regional integration, private sector development, skills and technology, and governance and accountability. The ADER also examines the Bank Group's performance as a development organisation, indicating areas in which we have been most successful and those in which we need to do better. This is the first edition reporting against the new One Bank Results Measurement Framework 2013-2016.