L’Afrique progresse lentement vers les objectifs eau et assainissement du millénaire, mais l’espoir reste permis, déclare la BAD

06/03/2012
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More Africans have access to safe, clean water, but progress has been slow and mixed across the continent, according to a new report from the African Development Bank (AfDB).

The AfDB’s Chief Economist’s department has created a Water and Sanitation Index of Development Effectiveness (WIDE).  In a new economic brief, it reports that the overall rate of access in Africa to improved water sources had risen to 60 percent by 2008 compared to 49 percent in 1990.  

The report notes that this equates to a marginal increase of less than one per cent annually.
Growth in access to better sanitation was more disappointing, according to the report.  Over the same period, it increased to only 31 percent from 27 percent.

Access to improved water and sanitation is part of the Millennium Development Goals.  Target 7C aims to halve the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and improved sanitation.

However, the efforts and success of sub-Saharan countries are mixed, with some countries doing much better than others on the WIDE index.

The AfDB’s analysis covered 45 of the total 48 sub-Saharan countries because reliable data was unavailable for the Seychelles, Djibouti and Somalia.

On the Watsan Index of Development Effectiveness, Angola came out on top.  The countries taking the next highest four places, were Rwanda, Zimbabwe, the Central African Republic and Malawi.

The poorest performing country on the WIDE index was Equatorial Guinea, preceded by Madagascar in 44th place, Gabon in 43rd , the Republic of Congo at 42nd and Tanzania at 41st.

The report explains Angola’s success due to ‘the government’s implementation of an aggressive capital investment program to expand and rehabilitate [the water and sanitation] infrastructure’ together with institutional reforms put in place after a lengthy civil conflict.

On the Millennium Development Goals deadline, the report says ‘though it is clear that there will be a shortfall in many areas, better monitoring of progress, and better understanding of the linkages of aid effectiveness, will make an important contribution to their overall achievement.’


Soumettez vos commentaires

Ebbin Abaka-Yankson - Ghana 13/03/2012 10:07
I am also optimistic that gradually we will meet the targets of the MDGs especially that of 7C...In my opinion, water and sanitation facilities must be demand driven and not necessarily providing the facilities to communities. This can be achieved by strengthening the capacity of the local people by empowring them to come out with ways of locally providing these facilities through counterpart financing by micro finance credit schemes and managing them for sustainability.
This has been proven to be effective with the USAID/EGAT’s funded African Urban Poor – Improved Water Supply and Sanitation (AUP-IWS). The locals were empowered and now water access and good sanitation facilities have increases tremendously in three comunities in Accra, two in Takoradi and one in Kumasi.



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