Wastewater Master Plan Study
- Référence: P-MU-EB0-007
- Date d’approbation: 01/06/2009
- Date de début: 01/03/2010
- Date d'évaluation: 01/01/2009
- Statut: En coursOnGo
- Agence d'implémentation: GOVERNMENT OF MAURITIUS MINISTRY OF FINANCE
- Emplacement: Mauritius main island and Rodrigues
Summary description of study
The study will be carried out in three phases as summarized below:
A. Preparation of Wastewater Master Plan This part of the study will entail review, update and assessment of the development of the sub-sector, followed by the preparation of a new Master Plan covering the next 20 years.
During this phase of the services, the consultant will also review the developments which have taken place in the wastewater sub-sector based on the Sewerage Master Plan prepared in 1994.
The Master Plan shall comprise a phased development programme of for immediate, medium term and long term implemenmtation over the twenty years planning horizon. It is expected that any necessary rehabilitation of the existing system shall be included as part of the Phase A works. An implementation programme and cost estimate for each phase shall additionally be prepared as part of the Master Plan.
B. Feasibility Study of Phase A of the Wastewater Master Plan. This will include wastewater developments identified for the first ten years of the Master Plan including rehabilitation measures where necessary, and shall be presented in adequate details to form the basis of funding decisions.
The feasibility study will be expected to include clear monitoring indicators of the developments medium term and long term outcomes and impacts, evaluations of the institutional structure within the context of the Master Plan and feasibility study proposals, and recommend an effective institutional arrangement. It will also entail an assessment of the prevailing tariffs to ensure financial sustainability as per the country's sub-sector policy and of monitoring and enforcement mechanisms of the related national laws.
C. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) Study The study will ensure that a Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment is conducted as part of the Master Plan while an ESIA will be conducted during the feasibility study to comply with both Bank's and country's environmental guidelines. The study will include assessment of environmental and social impacts of the proposed development, clearly identifying the significant impacts, both positive and negative.
ESIA will be conducted for projects identified during feasibility study in the required detail as per the Bank's safeguard policies and strategies. The study will identify potentially substantial environmental and social impacts. The related capital and operational costs shall also be determined and an environmental and social management as well as monitoring plan prepared. Mitigation measures including compensation issues, land acquisition, and impacts on ecosystems will be identified. Stakeholder consultation will also be undertaken.
The expected outputs of the study will include:
a) A Wastewater Master Plan: This study will prepare a plan for the management of wastewater for a period of 20 years. The plan will cover the main Island of Mauritius, and the Island of Rodrigues. It will show the required staged development of the infrastructure for each of the main drainage basins, clearly indicating the transportation, treatment and disposal of wastewater and sludge management, necessary to protect the fragile environment of the country.
b) A Feasibility Study This study will be for phase A of development as identified by the Master Plan. It is expected that this Phase shall include all the rehabilitation and expansion works of the existing sewerage infrastructure as well as new developments identified for the first ten years of the Master Plan. The study outputs will include the detailed assessment and recommendation on the scope of work mentioned in the TOR, cost estimates and implementation schedule, in adequate details to form the basis for funding decisions.
c) Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) Study This study will incorporate analysis of the potential impact of the project and preparation of an Environmental and Social Management Plan. Environmental and Social Management Plan shall be in sufficient detail to satisfy the requirements of potential funding agencies, including the African Development Bank.
The objective of the proposed study is to elaborate a programme covering a period of twenty years (2014-2033), of the development and management of the wastewater on the main island of Mauritius and the island of Rodrigues.
Environmental issues in Mauritius are crosscutting in all the country's identified pillars of development. The country has to maintain the integrity of its water resources including both ground and surface water for the water sector to continue to thrive; the tourism industry depends on adequate infrastructure including water supply and sanitation, as well as pollution free coastal environment.
Industries too require abundant supply of quality water, as well as means of evacuation and safe disposal of the wastewater. For sustained economic development of the country, it is therefore essential that all sources of pollution are effectively addressed including wastewater generated from domestic, institutional and industrial enterprises.
In accordance to the MIC guidelines of the Administration and Utilization of the Technical Assistance Fund for the Middle Income Countries, the fund requested will be used to undertake a study which will help GoM to plan the development of the wastewater sub sector for 20 years (2014-2033).
The proposed study will especially support the same areas identified in (CSP 2004 - 2008) as well as the Country Strategy Paper which is under preparation (CSP 2009-2013). Both CSPs focus on promotion of the private sector and support for infrastructure development, essential for the diversification and re-engineering processes, aimed at strengthening Mauritius's competitive edge and for efficient functioning of the private sector.
The proposed Master Plan will prepare a framework for long term development of wastewater infrastructure in the country. Wastewater management is one of the infrastructure essential for private sector to thrive, especially industries, manufacturing and even commercial activities. Furthermore, the study will contribute the Banks for the development of the country pipeline of projects.
The study will help the GOM to assess the existing wastewater sector strategy and to incorporate lesson learnt from the implementation of the first Master plan. The Government's determination to improve management of wastewater in the country is demonstrated by the speed at which it has implemented the recommendations of the first National Sewerage Programme Phase I which contributes to the county's initiative in protecting its environment (costal as well as water resources).
The GoM has included preparation of a National Sewerage Plan - Phase II in its development agenda; the New Millennium Economic Agenda (NMEA). The proposed intervention is therefore timely to address this identified need by the Government. Mauritius is one of the few African countries which have already achieved most of the MDGs. Five out of the eight goals have been achieved and the country is on track to accomplish the rest.
The improvements of sanitation services can be attributed to the first Bank financed Sewerage Master Plan, which provided the long term framework for development of these services. The proposed study will build on these achievements and therefore assist the Government to sustain and improve on the accomplishments.
The master plan will help the GOM to assess and review its sub sector strategy on the technical, institutional and financial sustainability. Commitment of GOM in implementing NSP phase 1 to prevent further degradation of the country's environment shows ownership and readiness of the government in the wastewater management sub sector.
This commitment has positively impact on the health and sanitary condition of Mauritians. Consultation with stakeholders especially representatives of end users shall continue during the proposed and subsequent studies as well as during implementation of the program. The study will recommend any changes required including tariffs to reach cost recovery taking in to account the social nature of these services, cross subsidy between users as well as administrative efficiency.
The study will assess the existing institutional arrangements and enforcement of related national laws and make recommendation for effective management of wastewater and sanitation management of its facilities and delivery of services and recommendation will be provided for the main island of Mauritius and the island of Rodrigues.
It is envisaged that when the outputs of the study are implemented, the percentage of population connected to public sewerage will increase from 26% (2008), to 50% (2013) and to 80% (2033).
ADHIAMBO Nancy Aileen Nereah Ogal - OWAS2