Support to Science and Technology Skills Development
- Référence: P-RW-IAD-002
- Date d’approbation: 11/11/2008
- Date de début: 30/07/2009
- Date d'évaluation: 10/06/2008
- Statut: En coursOnGo
- Agence d'implémentation: Ministry of Education,Science,Technology and Scientific Research
- Emplacement: TOUT LE PAYS
The project's 3 components are the following: (1) Delivering quality science and technology education and training; (2) Promoting equal opportunity and
(iii) Project management. Activities will cover the following areas:
(i) construction, equipement, training of trainers, tutorial programme for girls, IEC study, transfer of technology to rural communities and innovations with industries with the academia.
To reduce the shortage of specialists in environmental design and planning (including survey technicians, land surveyors, quantity surveyors, architects, urban designers)
The KIgali Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) was established by the Government of Rwanda in 1997 as its first technological institute, with the core mission to develop human resource capabilities in sciences, technology and engineering at the degree and diploma level. The institute also has a mandate to transfer appropriate technology to the community. Since inception, its student population has been growing steadily, from 209 to 2,647 students today. The number of courses offered has also increased over time. The institution has graduated four cohorts of students with the award of degrees and diplomas in Science, Technology and Management. Initially the institute offered only three degrees programs: Computer Engineering and IT, Civil Engineering and Environmental Technology, and Electromechanical Engineering. After 2005 the KIST started offering a wider range of education programs in Engineering and Applied Sciences, Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Applied Physics, Applied Chemistry and Applied Biology at degree, diploma and certificate levels. To meet the rising demand for manpower development in the ICT industry, KIST also runs a one year technician course, consisting of three modules: Computer Hardware Assembly and Maintenance, Networking and Software Development.
As an institution the KIST has been especially active in developing project ideas and technologies that are aimed at improving the well-being of the rural populations in Rwanda. It has spearheaded technological advancement in Rwanda through the provision of relevant and innovative technologies and skill development programs to communities for poverty alleviation through its Centre for Innovation and Technology Transfer (CITT) and its Information and Communication Technology Service Centre, which have played a leading role in supporting the Government's educational objectives with respect to science, engineering and technology.
In the current national context of land reform, especially to address the stress on the environment which is a key constraint to economic growth, the need for well-trained survey technicians, land surveyors, quantity surveyors, architects, and urban designers and planners cannot be overemphasized. The Needs Assessment of the KIST pinpointed staff development, the establishment of a Faculty of Architecture and Environmental Design (FAED) and the strengthening of the CITT as key priorities for the institution, which were integrated into the institution's strategic plan and used to prepare the proposed intervention, a follow-up of past and current ADF support to the KIST (Education III project). As such, it will reinforce the Bank's efforts to help Rwanda build capacity for skills development in science and technology by facilitating the opening of the Faculty within the KIST, and promoting female access to S&T fields at the tertiary level.
The project will have an economic impact on Rwanda by contributing to the achievement of the objectives of the Vision 2020 which is founded on ICT-based socioeconomic development, aimed in a context of limited natural resources, at making Rwanda an emerging country by 2020. The country needs to build its indigenous capacity in training the required skills. The project will contribute to addressing the shortage of science, technology and vocational skills which has been identified as a major obstacle to economic growth in Rwanda. It will assist in building the specialized human capital base particularly in the areas of architecture and environmental design by establishing the Faculty of Architecture and Environmental design (FAED). Through the research on new technologies and their dissemination in the rural communities (by CITT and satellite centers), the project will contribute to poverty alleviation and promote entrepreneurship in the rural communities by providing these communities with improved technologies to address their specific needs.
The project is founded on results of studies related to skills development in the area of higher education, science and technology which have indicated the need for capacity building of institutions of higher learning. The project will thus facilitate the formulation of reforms and strategies to strengthen science and technology in higher education on the basis of the knowledge built from these investigations and the implementation of the pilot equal opportunity program. Currently, under the revised Education Sector Strategic Plan (ESSP) (2013/4- 2017/8) a research policy is under finalization, with funds for promotion under the Education for Innovation Fund and the Endowment Fund. This represents a major step towards ensuring that there is quality human capital in meeting required skills for development of a middle income and knowledge-based economy. Lessons drawn from project implementation will also be used to:
(i) reinforce collaboration between institutions of higher learning in Rwanda, especially in terms of curriculum development and teacher training to quickly reduce identified skills gaps;
(ii) enhance female access to scientific and technological fields at the tertiary level and their retention until graduation; and
(iii) further improve the well-being of populations in Rwanda by providing relevant and innovative technologies and skills development programs to communities.
FOKO TAGNE Borel Anicet - OSHD2