Medium to Long Term Strategic Framework
- Référence: P-Z1-KE0-002
- Date d’approbation: 19/10/2005
- Date de début: 28/06/2006
- Date d'évaluation: 20/10/2003
- Statut: En coursOnGo
- Agence d'implémentation: AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
- Emplacement: All Countries and Regions
2.1 Design and Concept of Studies
2.1.1 PIDA has been designed to ensure the fullest participation of RECs as key stakeholders working closely with their member states and African Union (AU) specialized institutions/sector organizations. RECs are the lynchpins in implementation of the PIDA Study outputs. For the purposes of the study RECs are grouped into five geographic regions as below:
RegionREC North AfricaUMA, CEN-SAD West AfricaECOWAS (WAEMU), CEN-SAD Central AfricaECCAS (CEMAC) East AfricaCOMESA, EAC, IGAD Southern AfricaCOMESA, SADC
2.1.2 The Consultant's work is to develop their findings in a consultative and participative manner with stakeholders. While the work programme will be carried out on a sectoral basis, there are common issues and themes that cut across sectors that will need to be addressed at a cross sectoral level. It is also known that the efficacy of the physical integration of regional infrastructure networks ultimately depends on harmonization of regulatory frameworks; institutional and administrative procedures so that services and goods are traded smoothly across frontiers. The consultant shall in addition situate his work on agreed concepts of regionalism, regional integration, regional cooperation and economic integration and clarity on the concept of subsidiarity drawing on success stories from other regions of the world.
2.1.3 The main stakeholders of the study are the following: the African Heads of States who need to boost economic and social development in the continent through shared strategic vision of regional economic integration; the sponsors of PIDA (the AUC; NEPAD and the ADB); the AU specialized institutions/sector organizations with the mission of giving advice on policy formulation, strategy and programming; the RECs that want to have implementable regional projects and programmes that will secure buy in from their partner member countries and contribute to socio-economic development of the region and development partners for their strategy and programmatic engagement with the continent.
2.1.4 The main components of PIDA Studies are:
i.The sector consultancy studies ('the study') which are the subject of funding request under this PIM and with Terms of Reference (ToR) attached hereto. The term 'Consultant' for these studies refers to the consortium of sector specialised firms associating to be contracted by the Bank (as the Executing Agency for PIDA) for the execution of the study. These studies are to be undertaken over an eighteen month duration with various outputs including models and scenarios that will guide the strategic choices for choosing the most sustainable, cost effective trajectories for development of the various sectors over the short medium and long term and based on a common vision resulting from consultative/validation workshops at regional and sector levels. ii.Panel of experts: In addition to the Consultants, PIDA will engage high level experts to assist in developing a vision for the development of regional and continental infrastructure in Africa, and in the identification of key issues in each sector. The aim of this Panel is to supplement and complement the work of the Consultants by providing input to a vision and high level strategic framework for PIDA. The Panel will also provide high level peer review of the Consultant's outputs at key points in the study to strengthen quality control, and help identify any essential issues that might have been overlooked or be a source of contention. iii.A database, to support the implementation and monitoring processes. This database will be developed as an exercise distinct from the sector studies. Its objective will be to provide the parties involved in the implementation and monitoring of PIDA with a set of reference data regarding PIDA's design, content and recommendations and for tracking progress over time in the implementation of the PIDA initiative. iv.An Audit. This audit is a standard requirement for any operation carried out by the Bank, and will involve the preparation of an audit of expenditure by an independent audit firm. 2.1.5 The sector studies are organized into four phases as follows:
i.Phase I: Diagnosis and Analysis, which will:
"assess regional and continental policies, as well as institutional arrangements, soft issues, capacity building and physical infrastructure programmes; "Develop outlooks for the future and analyze the key challenges, based on the projected requirements.
ii.Phase II: Formulation of draft strategic framework including sector policies, infrastructure development programme, and implementation strategy and processes. These draft outputs will be developed by the sector study consultants in a consultative manner through a series of workshops with key stakeholders including AU specialized sector institutions; Regional Economic Communities in consultation with their constituent member states (particularly at regional level).
iii.Phase III: Summary and Recommendations: the finalisation of the strategic framework, infrastructure development programme, and implementation strategy and processes, shall be undertaken again in a consultative manner. The main purpose of this phase is to strengthen consensus and ownership of the outputs of the study to help ensure subsequent successful implementation.
iv.Phase IV: Adoption of the outputs by the appropriate policy structures, in accordance with the existing procedures of the African Union and NEPAD.
2.1.6 The PIDA study process will be intensively participatory, and the consultant will facilitate a consultative process involving the AUC, NEPAD Secretariat, RECs, AU Specialized institutions, and development partners to foster ownership and commitment to global partnership to ownership of and commitment to implement the various measures and programmes of the PIDA initiative. In this context the consultant will undertake large moderated E-dialogue with stakeholders on challenges and outlook on infrastructure sectors and the PIDA approach.
(i)Establish a strategic framework for the development of regional and continental infrastructure in four sectors (Energy, Transport, ICT, and Transboundary Water Resources), based on a long-term, social, and economic development vision, strategic objectives, and sector policies;
(ii)Establish an infrastructure development programme articulated around priorities and short, medium, and long-term horizons; and
(iii)Prepare an implementation strategy and processes including, in particular, the improvement of institutional arrangements (such as regulatory and administrative processes); a Priority Action Plan; and financing options including measures for promoting, attracting and sustaining private sector participation in infrastructure development.
1.2 Rationale of the Studies
1.2.1 Infrastructure plays a key role in economic growth and poverty reduction. The lack of infrastructure (quantitatively, qualitatively, physically and in terms of services rendered) leads to increased production and transaction costs, which lessens the competitiveness of businesses, and therefore the possibility of implementing economic and social development policies. Furthermore, the business environment will be less conducive, making it less attractive for foreign direct investment. In a nutshell, inadequate infrastructure results in reduced service options and quality available to the population, particularly the most vulnerable segments. The potentials for increasing economic efficiency is even higher for regional infrastructure networks and services through shared production, management and operations as well as through hubs, transport corridors or poles and the economies of scale of such approach to infrastructure provision that will reduce transaction costs, increase productivity of African economies and intra-African trade.
1.2.2 The lack of infrastructure in Africa is widely recognized, with a .note produced by the ADB and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa in 20061 summing up this deficit as below:
"Access to electricity for 30% of the population compared to rates ranging from 70 to 90% for other major geographical zones of the developing world (Asia, Central America and the Caribbean, Middle-East and Latin America); "Trans-boundary water resources constitute approximately 80% of Africa's freshwater resources, yet current levels of water withdrawal are low with 3.8% of water resources developed for water supply, irrigation and hydropower use, and with only about 18% of the irrigation potential being exploited; "Access to water and sanitation for 65% and 38% respectively of the population compared to rates of water access rates of 80 to 90% for the other geographical zones; "A telecommunications penetration rate of about 6% compared to an average of 40% for the other geographical zones, and a very low penetration rate for broadband services; "A road access rate of 34% compared to 50% for the other geographical zones "Freight cost equivalent to 10 - 25% of total value of imports in 2007 compared to global average of 5.5% in 2007.
1.2.3 This infrastructure deficit places African countries (particularly those south of the Sahara) among the least competitive in the world. This is due to the weight of infrastructure in the determination of global economic competitiveness. The global competitiveness indices (GCIs), calculated by the World Economic Forum2, places Africa as the least competitive region of the developing world, with a GCI for sub-Sahara Africa of 3.29 compared to a GCI of over 4.47 for other developing regions like India and Brazil. The indices were based on basic requirements, efficiency and innovations in the regions assessed. The basic requirements assess the performance of institutions, infrastructure, macro economy, health and primary education in the regions.
1.2.4 PIDA offers a platform for fast tracking socio economic development and integration on the continent as it focuses on regional approach to infrastructure development with its benefit of economies of scale as a key engine for such integration, improved intra African trade and increased participation in the global economy. The PIDA Sector Studies shall among others:
"Develop a vision and sustainable development trajectories and options (models and scenario) for all the infrastructure sectors up to the horizon 2030 "Provide a holistic and common platform for infrastructure development in Africa; "Rationalise a plethora of different initiatives; "Help harmonize public, private and development partners intervention in continental and regional infrastructure, and; "Promote private sector participation in regional approach to infrastructure provision.
1.3 Project Goal and Objectives
1.3.1 PIDA's overall goal is to promote socio economic development and poverty reduction in Africa through improved access to integrated continental/regional infrastructure networks and services. An adequate, cost effective and sustainable continental and regional infrastructure base comparable to other developing region is critical to boost the productive base of African economies; its socio economic development and Africa's improved participation in the global economy.
1.3.2 PIDA Sector Studies articulates three strategic objectives, which are to enable African decision-makers to:
"Establish a vision and a strategic framework for the development of regional and continental infrastructure (Energy, Transport, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and Trans-boundary Water Resources) based on a development vision, strategic objectives and sector policies; "Establish an infrastructure investment programme (short, medium and long term) around priorities established by the RECs; and "Prepare an implementation strategy and processes including, in particular, a priority action plan.
1.3.3 Thus under PIDA Sector Studies, a number of activities will be conducted with the aim of providing African decision-makers with analytical and decision-making tools for the formulation of strategy, priority infrastructure development programmes, and related implementation strategies and processes including institutional and financing architecture that will address transparent regulatory framework and commercial incentives for private sector .
1.3.4 The Programme covers transport (air, sea, river and lake, lagoon, rail and road), energy (electricity, gas, petroleum products and renewable energy), ICT, and trans-boundary water resources (primarily irrigation, hydropower, and lake and rivers transport), and deals with the regional and continental aspects of these sectors. All national aspects (including, without exception, physical infrastructure, national policies, institutional and regulatory frameworks, technical standards and benchmarks) will only be considered if they have an impact on, or could be affected by, the regional and continental aspects.
1.3.5 The timeframe under consideration is up to 2030, and is phased as follows: 2010-2015 for the short-term and priority action plan, 2016-2020 for the medium-term, and 2021 -2030 for the long-term.
CHIRWA Mtchera Johannes - ONRI1