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The Integrity and Prevention Division (IACD. 1) leads the Department’s proactive role in deterring and preventing corruption and other harmful practices in operations financed by the Bank. IACD.1 develops and implements proactive measures, including campaigns and outreach programs to train and assist operational staff and other partners of the Bank Group. The Division also develops due diligence tools and risk assessment programs to reduce vulnerability of Bank’s projects as well as mainstreams integrity concerns into project implementation processes. IACD.1’s terms of reference were approved by the Bank on the 5th of July 2012.
The Investigations Division (IACD.2) conducts investigations into allegations of fraud, corruption and other sanctionable practices within the Bank Group and in operations financed by the Bank Group. These include projects financed by the Bank, misconduct involving staff with regard to operations financed by the Bank Group, administrative budgets and misuse of Bank resources. In addition, the Division monitors compliance with policies, procedures and guidelines that relate to integrity and ethics; as well as reviews transactions and other operational material to ensure compliance with the Bank’s policies and applicable international conventions. IACD.2’s terms of reference were approved by the Bank on the 5th of July 2012.
Principles Guiding Investigations
Investigations are based on the principles of integrity, fairness, impartiality and objectivity. Upon receipt of allegations, the Integrity and Anti-Corruption Department registers the complaint. The Investigations Division consequently evaluates the information received in order to consider the merits of the allegations. Where possible, IACD.2 will seek corroboration of the information. A preliminary report is then prepared that presents the evaluated evidence and provides an opinion on its credibility, materiality and verifiability. Where the allegations are found to provide a legitimate basis, IACD.2 will conduct a full investigation expeditiously and within constraints of available resources. All investigative activity and decisions relating to the investigations are documented in writing and where possible, by audio, photographic and additional means. IACD has unrestricted access to all persons and information relevant to an investigation. While IACD may assume responsibility for reasonable expenses incurred by witnesses or subjects directly related to the conduct of the investigation, IACD will not pay for information.
Investigations conducted by the Investigative and Anti-Corruption Department are of an administrative nature. The standard of proof to determine whether a complaint has been substantiated is information that, as a whole, shows that something is more probable than not. Further, IACD’s investigative reports are based on facts and related analysis.
The African Development Bank Group has endorsed the International Financial Institutions Principles and Guidelines for Investigations and IACD’s standard operating procedures are in accordance with the guidelines.
Results of Investigations
IACD does not make sanction decisions based on its investigative findings. If upon completion of the full investigation, IACD finds sufficient information to substantiate the complaint, IACD will forward its findings to the appropriate authority under the sanctions system.
Where IACD does not find sufficient information that supports an adverse finding, IACD will document such findings, close the investigation and notify the relevant parties. Where IACD finds that the complaint was given with knowledge that the information was false, IACD will make a report to the relevant authority. Where appropriate, IACD may refer information relating to complaints to national authorities.