El-hadj Bah, The University of Auckland and Lei Fang, The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta
Africa is the poorest part of the world and it has the worst environment for long term business success by most of the standards. Empirical works normally find a negative correlation between GDP per capita and measures for business environment. This paper develops a general equilibrium model to assess the quantitative effects of business environment, including entry barriers, access to finance, regulation, regulation, crime, corruption and infrastructure, on output and TFP for 30 Sub-Saharan African countries. We find that the quantitative effects of these dimensions of business environment are large. They together can explain about 80% of the variation in income per capita relative to the US for thirty African countries we study. Improving these dimensions of the business environment will be key for the long term development of the continent.