Issa Faye, Division Manager, Research, AfDB
The process of regional integration over the last decade has resulted in a certain amount of progress aimed not only at diagnosing problems related to the dynamic of regional integration, but also at providing solutions. Thus, some effort has been made to create policies to accelerate the process of regional integration. In other words, the problems of regional integration in Africa are known and there is a range of solutions, particularly in terms of policy. However, there are several problems concerning the adoption of these policies and the quality of their implementation. The recommended strategies and mechanisms for implementation turn out to be unsuitable or inefficient. There is also, of course, the matter of weak political will, as well as a lack of the skills required for quality implementation.
Implementation should not be considered a secondary question but a central one, with a view to ensuring that policy recommendations are followed. It is therefore obvious that an approach is required that would emphasize the application of the most effective implementation mechanisms. This means quality leadership, but also quality resources and institutions, and sufficient quantity and quality in terms of skills. This would make it possible to translate policy guidelines into results and impacts on the ground. It is equally important to reinforce simultaneously the acceptance and adoption of policy recommendations by citizens, and to set up appropriate mechanisms for follow-up.