Livelihood Strategies and Household Resilience to Food Insecurity: The Case of Niger
Policy options for addressing poverty and inequality in Africa
- Ruben Djogbenou
Niger is a landlocked West African country where food insecurity is a major issue. The country has been subject to many food crisis over time and actions have been set up to cope with food insecurity in the country.
The concept of resilience raised in the literature but little applications have been made in the context of food insecurity. To our knowledge, no study focused on the measurement of resilience to food insecurity in the context of Niger.
This paper contributes to the literature as it uses a quantitative approach to measure the level of resilience to food insecurity in the case of Niger. The data are drawn from the Niger National Survey on Living Conditions and Agriculture 2011.
The findings show that the less resilient households are the poor agricultural house- holds (-0,00058) and the nomadic cattle-breeders households (-0,00069). The results also show high inequalities in the distribution of the resilience index and appeal to some policy measures to facilitate the access to basic social services to the less resilient households.