President of the Republic of Rwanda
H. E. Paul Kagame was born in October 1957 in Rwanda. His family fled pre-independence ethnic persecution and violence in 1960, crossing into Uganda where he spent 30 years as a refugee. In 1990, he returned to Rwanda to lead the Rwandan Patriotic Front’s (RPF) four-year struggle to liberate the country from the autocratic and divisive order established since independence and defeated the genocidal government in July 1994.
President Kagame was appointed Vice-President and Minister for Defence in the Government of National Unity on 19 July 1994, and on 22 April 2000 took the Oath of Office as President of the Republic of Rwanda after being elected by the Transitional National Assembly. President Kagame won the first ever democratic elections held in Rwanda in August 2003 and was re-elected to a second seven-year mandate in August 2010. He has received recognition for his leadership in peace building and reconciliation, development, good governance, promotion of human rights and women’s empowerment, advancement of education and ICT, and an enabler for Africa’s socioeconomic transformation.