The Republic of Côte d’Ivoire
Geographical Features of the Country
Located in the western part of the African continent and in the tropics, Côte d’Ivoire covers an area of 322,462 km². It is bounded to the south by the Atlantic Ocean, to the east by Ghana, to the north by Burkina Faso and Mali, and to the west by Guinea and Liberia. Yamoussoukro has been the political capital of the country since 1983 and Abidjan is the economic capital. In addition to Abidjan and Yamoussoukro, the other major cities are Bouaké, the second largest city in the country; San Pedro, which has the second largest port in the country; Daloa, Korhogo, Man and Abengourou.
The official language is French. The languages spoken in the country are Baoulé, Malinké-Dioula, Sénoufo, Dan, Agni, Bété, Attié, Guéré, etc...
With an annual growth rate of 3.3%, the total population was estimated at 22,670,000 inhabitants in 2013, with at least 3 million immigrant workers living in the country with their families, mainly from other countries of the sub-region.
Côte d’Ivoire is divided into four (4) agro-climatic zones:
- The tropical transition zone with a single rainy season from April to October and rainfall of 950 to 1,700 mm/year;
- The equatorial transition zone 1 with two rainy seasons from March to June and September to October, with a total rainfall of 950 to 1,600 mm/year;
- The equatorial transition zone 2 also has two rainy seasons from April to July (heavy rainfall) and from September to November (irregular rainfall), with rainfall of 1,300 to 2,400 mm/year;
- The mountainous zone with one long rainy season from March to October, and rainfall of 1,500-2,200 mm/year.
A country with tiered rows of plateaus, steep terraces sometimes forming ledges, Côte d'Ivoire is essentially flat. On this tabular set of ironstone, smooth ruptures are caused by garlands of hills.
Currency and Exchange
The currency in Abidjan is the CFA franc, the common currency for member countries of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA). It can be exchanged for other foreign currencies at commercial banks, foreign exchange bureaux and hotels. The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro at a fixed exchange rate of €1 = CFAF 655.957.
Convertible currencies can be exchanged freely in banks, foreign exchange bureaux and major hotels.
National, international and Internet communication services are available at reasonable costs in all hotels in Abidjan.
Communication in available in Côte d’Ivoire through earth telecommunication lines, submarine systems and fiber optics. Five mobile phone network operators use the international GSM system (Orange, MTN, MOOV, GREEN, and KOOZ). One can opt for a subscription contract or for prepaid cards. Prepaid cards are sold by authorized distributors, and are also available in shopping centres.
The power voltage in Côte d’Ivoire is 220 Volts.