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Bangui - Mpoko International Airport Modernisation Support Project -Phase I (PAMAB-I) - Project Appraisal Reports
The Central African Republic (CAR) is a landlocked country covering an area of 623,000 km2. It has common borders with Cameroon to the West, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Republic of Congo to the South, with Sudan to the East and Chad to the North. The mostly rural population was estimated at 4.7 million in 2015 with an annual growth rate of almost 2%. With a GDP per capita of USD 382 in 2018, CAR is one of the poorest countries in the world. The latest estimates based on recent GDP trends show that the national poverty rate exceeded 75% in 2017. Moreover, out of the 189 countries and territories listed on the Human Development Index (HDI), the Central African Republic was ranked 188th in 2018 with a score of 0.367. On the humanitarian front, conflicts have left nearly 6,300 people dead and more than 800,000 internally displaced persons and refugees in neighbouring countries. In addition, the results of the Integrated Food Security Phase (IPC) classification of September 2018 indicate a deterioration of the situation with a rise in the number of people in Phase 3 and above, or nearly 2 million people (more than 40% of the total population) requiring urgent food action. Similarly, the country is struggling to benefit from the youth dividend of its population estimated at 5.7 million inhabitants with 62% of young people aged 15 to 34 but whose unemployment rate is particularly high as more than 4/5 of job seekers are under 35 years old and mostly unskilled.