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Burundi - National Climate Change Profile
The Republic of Burundi (henceforth, ‘Burundi’, shown below in Figure 1-1) is a landlocked country in the Great Lakes region of Africa and is one of the smallest countries on the continent. Burundi has the smallest urban population in Africa (~11%) but has the third highest urbanisation rate (~5.6%) on the continent. Burundi is one of the poorest and least-developed countries in Africa, with the second highest proportion (~78%) of people living below the poverty line, ~92% of the workforce in agriculture and only 7% of the population has access to electricity. As a result, Burundi has a Human Development Index of 0.40, one of the lowest in Africa.