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Burundi – project to support the east african nutritional sciences institute - Appraisal Report
Overall Project Overview: The East African Community (EAC) decided to set up centres of excellence in biomedical sciences in 2014. It recommended that Burundi focus on nutrition. In that vein, by decree issued on 28 February 2018, the Government established a sub-regional centre of excellence in nutritional sciences known as the East African Nutritional Sciences Institute (EANSI). The national centre has a regional vision in its operation and is in line with the goal of the Burundi National Development Plan 2018-2027, which has made human capital development one of its top priorities.. To ensure that the Centre can serve the entire EAC region, courses will be offered in English and French, in association with the Higher Education Council of the region, in order to ensure the quality of training offered and help raise awareness of the Centre and thus attract candidates for training. The Centre was established in a context where the acute malnutrition rate in East Africa was 6% (moderately high by WHO standards) and the overweight rate among children was 4.4% in 2016. This brings to light the issue of the double burden of malnutrition. In Burundi, in particular, the chronic malnutrition rate1 (56% in 2016-20172) is one of the highest in Africa and the world, and the prevalence of acute malnutrition is 5.1%, while anaemia affects 61% of children and 35% of women. In addition, national productivity losses attributable to malnutrition alone represent at least 11% of GDP each year in Africa and Asia.