Country Governance Profiles


The African Development Bank Group and Côte d’Ivoire - Partnering for growth

In 2014 and its 50th year, the African Development Bank is delighted to be back at its headquarters in Abidjan, after over 10 years of relocation in Tunis. I thank the government and people of Côte D’Ivoire for supporting our return and for making us feel at home once again.

2008 - Congo - Country Governance Profile

The preparation of the 2008 Country Governance Profile of Congo addresses the concerns of the Government of the Republic of Congo which has made promoting good governance the main strategic thrust of its 2008-2010 Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) and which intends to provide the country with a National Good Governance Programme. The 2008 Country Governance Profile of Congo is also in keeping with the African Development Bank Group’s Strategic Directions on Governance and the Fight against Corruption in its Regional Member Countries over the 2008-2010 period. Lastly, it addresses the...

2009 - Ethiopia - Country Governance Profile

This Country Governance Profile (CGP) is a revised version of the document originally prepared following a Bank Group CGP preparation mission to the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia from 11 to 27 April, 2005. The CGP has been updated substantially to reflect recent developments and the governance policy content of Ethiopia’s second Poverty Reduction Strategy, called the Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to end Poverty (PASDEP).

2009 - Nigeria - Country Governance Profile

Despite Nigeria’s oil wealth, poverty is still widespread, though it is improving due to a combination of poverty reduction programs and reforms undertaken by the current administration. Corruption and the implementation of inappropriate policies by successive military regimes since 1966 have largely contributed to poverty. These military regimes also weakened the judiciary, trampled on the human rights of their people with impunity.

2009 - Botswana - Country Governance Profile

Botswana’s Context: At Independence in 1966, Botswana was one of the poorest countries in the world. However, the country has since made remarkable progress. Some scholars have regarded the political and economic development of Botswana as exceptional; the exceptionality being attributed to Botswana’s good policy choices, the utilisation of capable state machinery that is disciplined, and operation of a realistic social and economic development planning process, complemented by the ability to adapt and blend traditional and modern institutions of governance. Hence Botswana is, forty-two years...

2008 - Rwanda - Joint Governance Assessment (JGA)

This report is an assessment of governance in Rwanda, undertaken jointly by the Government of Rwanda and the development partners. It is intended to establish a common understanding of governance progress, problems and priorities, and a framework for assessing progress over the coming years on the basis of agreed indicators and benchmarks. The guiding principle has been to provide a basis for joint ownership and constructive discussion in order to improve the quality and usefulness of dialogue around issues of good governance.

2007 - Gambia - Country Governance Profile

The promotion of good governance in Regional Member Countries (RMC) is pivotal in the implementation of the Bank Group’s mandate of poverty reduction. It springs from empirical analysis suggesting positive correlation between the strength of governance and national levels of prosperity, human capital and civic participation in society. The Bank's objective is to integrate "good governance" into its lending and non-lending activities to increase the overall capabilities of governments in terms of development management and institutional capacity, including legal and judiciary reforms, the...

2006 - Senegal - Country Governance Profile

Over several decades, Senegal has implemented a series of measures and actions to consolidate democratic achievements, institutional reforms at central and local government levels, budget and financial reforms, as well as private sector and civil society involvement in the development process.

2006 - Lesotho - Country Governance Profile

The promotion of good governance in Regional Member Countries (RMCs) has become central in the implementation of the Bank Group’s mandate of poverty reduction. Both the Bank Group Vision Statement and Strategic Plan for the period 2003-2007 emphasise the promotion of good governance in RMCs as one of the important building blocks for the fight against poverty. In order to effectively implement the Bank Group’s Policy on Governance, the production of Country Governance Profile (CGPs) has emerged as the main analytical instrument for operationalising the Bank’s policy agenda. The overall...

2005 - Mozambique - Country Governance Profile

In line with the Bank’s vision for sustainable African development in the 21st Century, its approach to good governance is based on mainstreaming policies to foster economic growth, promote human resource development and reduce poverty in Regional Member Countries. The Bank’s objective is to integrate “good governance” into its lending and non-lending activities and other operations to increase the overall capabilities of governments in terms of development management and institutional capacity, including legal and judiciary reforms, the strengthening of civil society and private sector...

2005 - Gabon - Country Governance Profile

The current study on the Governance Profile for Gabon was undertaken in line with the African Development Bank Group good governance policy in its Regional Member Countries. It is intended to carry out a detailed analysis of governance in Gabon, and to identify and examine measures taken by the Government towards establishing good governance in all public policies. The issue of governance was examined on the basis of the five key elements of Bank policy in this regard, namely (i) Accountability, which obligates persons vested with a public mandate to render account of their decisions and...

2005 - Madagascar - Country Governance Profile

In the early 1990s, the Republic of Madagascar embarked on a democratic process which enabled it to put in place democratic institutions and to undertake institutional and economic reforms backed by its development partners. The preparation of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) in 2003 afforded Madagascar the opportunity to incorporate good governance promotion into its development priorities. The governance profile evaluates Madagascar’s practices in the area of governance, in accordance with the key governance elements outlined in Bank Group policy adopted in 1999. The...

2005 - Swaziland - Country Governance Profile

In 1999, the African Development Bank adopted a good governance policy with an aim to provide support and interventions that promote good governance in its Regional Member Countries (RMCs). This is because good governance is generally a necessary condition for the success of the Bank’s core interventions to promote economic and social development in RMCs. The Bank Group’s strategic plan for the period 2003-2007 also emphasizes the promotion of good governance in RMCs as one of the important building blocks of the poverty reduction programme.

2005 - Burkina Faso - Country Governance Profile

A landlocked country with a surface area of 274,000 km2 and a population of 13 million inhabitants in 2004, Burkina Faso is one of the world’s poorest countries. According to the 2004 human development index Burkina Faso is ranked 175th among 177 countries. The country has scarce natural resources and partly depends on external aid and income from immigrant workers. Recent estimates show that some 46.4% of the population lives below the monetary poverty line, a situation which is exacerbated among women and in rural areas. These recent analyses also highlight a worsening of poverty in urban...

2005 - Tanzania - Country Governance Profile

The Bank Group has become increasingly involved in the promotion of good governance in Regional Member Countries (RMCs) as part of its mandate to reduce poverty. The Bank Group adopted a governance policy in 1999 to guide its intervention in the area of governance. Both the Bank Group Vision Statement and the Strategic Plan for the period 2003-2007 emphasize good governance in RMCs as an important pillar in the fight against poverty. In order to effectively implement the Bank Group’s policy on governance, the Bank Group has launched the preparation of Country Governance Profiles (CGP) in RMCs...

2005 - Benin - Country Governance Profile

This country governance profile (CGP) is a tool for an overall appraisal and dialogue regarding the country’s major governance problems. Its objective is to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of mechanisms and institutions for good governance at national level and assess their impact on the level of efficiency in the use of public and private resources. The CGP also helps foster, through the diagnosis and analysis of the Government’s good governance strategy, the adoption by the authorities and development partners, including the Bank, of a common approach for the promotion of governance....

2004 - Mauritania - Country Governance Profile

The Islamic Republic of Mauritania (IRM) is one of the least developed countries in Africa, with three-quarters of its territory covered by the Sahara desert. For over a decade, the IRM has been pursuing ambitious reform policies that have affected the country’s entire political, economic and social life. The implementation of the economic reform programme resulted in an annual growth rate of over 4.5% between 1992 and 2002, and significantly reduced financial imbalances. This good performance was accompanied by a significant decline in poverty and marked improvement in the key sustainable...

2004 - Cameroon - Country Governance Profile

As for other Bank regional member countries of the Bank, it was decided to prepare a governance profile for Cameroon. At the economic level, the country enjoyed from 1975 to 1985 a long period of prosperity, with average real growth rates of about 7%, jeopardized, from 1985/1986, by a crisis entailing serious repercussions on the economic and social fabric, in spite of the country’s assets in terms of its natural resources (oil, coffee, cocoa and cotton). To address this crisis, the Government first conducted an adjustment policy which quickly showed its limits. Then, after satisfactorily...

2004 - Chad - Country Governance Profile

Le Tchad, l’un des pays les plus pauvres d’Afrique, a une histoire marquée par une longue période d’instabilité politique et de conflits. Pays enclavé de plus de 8 millions d’habitants, il se classe au cinquième rang en Afrique de par sa superficie. Depuis les années 1990, le retour à une stabilité politique relative a permis au pays de s’engager dans un processus de démocratisation et de réformes institutionnelles et économiques soutenu par les principaux partenaires au développement dont la Banque. Cependant, dans leurs efforts pour promouvoir la bonne gouvernance, l’Etat et les parties...

2008-2012 - Governance Strategic Directions And Action Plan Gap

This paper outlines the strategic orientations for the African Development Bank’s contribution to good governance and anti-corruption in Africa for 2008-2012. It is prepared for consideration guidance by the Board of Directors at the Board Meeting of May 7, 2008. It is an appropriate time for the Bank to sharpen its strategic focus and to carve out a distinctive role for itself in the global aid architecture in the area of governance and anti-corruption. The Governance Strategic Directions and Action Plan for 2008-2012 is based on the Bank Policy on Good Governance of 2000 and the lessons...