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1999-2009 - Burkina Faso - Evaluation of Policy Based Operations in the AfDB
Burkina Faso is one of the poorest countries in the world with a Gross National Income (GNI) per capita of USD 520. For the past two decades Burkina Faso has enjoyed social and political stability and has made some progress on democratisation and economic and social reforms. Regular elections have been held, without major incidents, since the adoption of the Constitution in 1991.
Burkina Faso is very dependent on Official Development Assistance (ODA). Indeed, against the global trend, in 2009 ODA represented 14.5% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Burkina Faso, higher than the ratio of 12.1% in 2006. Budget Support (BS) is the Government’s preferred modality. However, project support is the most common modality for aid delivery in Burkina Faso. In 2009, General Budget Support (GBS) accounted for just over 29% of aid, while project support amounted to 62%. The AfDB is among the largest donors in Burkina Faso. Over the period from 2000 to 2009, the contribution of AfDB represented 6.6% of total ODA. Burkina Faso has a mature system of aid coordination which is organised around (i) an internal coordination mechanism of the Government; (ii) a mechanism for coordination among development partners (DPs), and (iii) a joint structure which brings together the Government of Burkina Faso (GoBF) and its external DPs. The GoBF has taken a strong lead in aid coordination.