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1999-2009 - Evaluation of Policy Based Operations in the AfDB - Review of Literature and Experience
This review of literature and experience aims to summarise the main lessons that have emerged from the use of policy based operations (PBOs) since they first emerged in the late 1970s and early 1980s, focusing on lessons from the academic and policy literature as well as from the implementation experience of different agencies undertaking PBOs including the emerging evidence on good practice.
PBOs have developed from instruments aimed principally at addressing short-term macroeconomic problems and bringing about specific policy reforms to instruments primarily directed (through budget support) at the support of agreed programmes of government action through applying principles of aid effectiveness. This development has had implications for key aspects of PBO design including the structure and tranching of operations, the way in which conditions are applied and used (including whether they are conceived as a way of bringing about policy change), and the assessment and management of risk.