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2006 AEC - China, India and Africa: Prospects and Challenges


Over the last decade or so, China and India have established themselves as increasingly influential players across Africa. Given the large scale and scope of their engagement, this may turn out to be one of the most significant developments for the region in recent years1 . This many endure should China and India continue to pursue a more globally oriented foreign policy, particularly towards Africa. This development poses both threats and provides opportunities for African countries. This paper looks at the opportunities and challenges posed by the increased presence of China and India in Africa. The rest of the paper is organized as follows. In section II, we discuss the nature and scope of China’s recent engagement with Africa, while in Section III, we compare and contrast China (the dominant player) and India in their African engagement. The paper is concluded in Section IV with an overview of the opportunities their presence offers to Africa as well as the challenges these Asian drivers pose to Africa.

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