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2009 - Botswana - Country Governance Profile
Botswana’s Context: At Independence in 1966, Botswana was one of the poorest countries in the world. However, the country has since made remarkable progress. Some scholars have regarded the political and economic development of Botswana as exceptional; the exceptionality being attributed to Botswana’s good policy choices, the utilisation of capable state machinery that is disciplined, and operation of a realistic social and economic development planning process, complemented by the ability to adapt and blend traditional and modern institutions of governance. Hence Botswana is, forty-two years after independence, considered successful in achieving a status upgrade, from least developed country at the time of independence, to an upper middle-income category. The Country Governance Profile (CGP) for Botswana analyses the governance arrangements that have facilitated this status upgrade. It focuses on issues of accountability, transparency, stakeholder participation, legal and judicial reforms and combating corruption and money laundering and other economic crimes.