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2012-2016 - São Tomé & Príncipe - Country Strategy Paper
Sao Tome and Principe (STP) is a small island state located on the equator off the coast of central Africa, which gained its independence from Portugal on 12 July 1975. The country held its first free and transparent elections in 1991 and became one of the first African countries to adopt democratic reforms that resulted in changes in the constitution, including the legalization of political parties. In 2011, STP’s population was estimated at about 200,000, half of which live below the poverty line. The GNI per capita stood at US$ 1,200 (2010), life expectancy at 66.3 years and the adult literacy rate at 88.8%.