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Africa Economic Brief - Growth, Poverty and Inequality in Mauritius and South Africa


The recent years have witnessed an increasingly strong interest in the impact of economic growth on poverty. An important reason for this has been the establishment of the Millennium Development Goals, which have set poverty reduction as a fundamental objective of development. Using two household survey data separated by 5 and 10-year intervals, we are able to conduct a pro-poor growth analysis in Mauritius over the period 2001-2006 and in South Africa over the period 1995-2005. The poverty line is set at a reference threshold of USD 3 per day to reflect Mauritius’ and South Africa’s status of middle-income countries, and sensitivity tests are performed to check for the robustness of results.

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