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Development Research Briefs - Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Selected African Middle Income Countries
Most African countries continue to face challenges of persistent poverty and rising inequality, which potentially constitute a source of social conflicts and vulnerability. Poverty reduction strategies can be improved by deeper analysis and understanding of the triggers of economic growth and the relationships between growth, inequality and poverty reduction. In other words, this study examines the nature and distribution of additional wealth that derives from economic growth. It is in this context that the Bank sought to undertake case studies in some middle-income countries (MICs) in Africa, namely, Mauritius, South Africa, Morocco and Tunisia, to establish and explain the ability of poor people to participate in and benefit from economic growth. The study also examines the role of sectoral and redistributional policies in promoting equitable growth.