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Economic Brief - Climate Change, Gender and Development in Africa
Introduction: Environment, employment and vulnerability
Climate change, whatever its causes and precise timelines, rep-resents one of the most challenging threats to sustainable development for all those living in Africa. The continent is home to the most susceptible populations of the world, because of the sensitivity and fragility of its natural environment, and its high dependence on environment-based livelihoods, such as agriculture. Over the past ten years, the African Development Bank’s annual Gender, Poverty, and Environment Indicators in African Countries report has highlighted women’s heavy reliance on environment-related livelihoods. This includes women’s predominance in subsistence agriculture and their contribution to the production of economic crops, agriculturelinked market and retail trade, and nature tourism.