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Economic Brief - Mortality in Africa: The Share of Road Traffic Fatalities


The focus of this brief is on the population aged 15 years and over, as this comprises the major victims of road traffic accidents. In 2008, nearly 7 million deaths due to any cause were recorded in Africa among population aged 15 and above. This is equivalent to approximately 1,151 deaths per 100,000 population (Annex II, Table 1). One-third of deaths were due to infectious and parasitic diseases, including tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, malaria, and respiratory infections. Non-communicable conditions accounted for 50% of all deaths, of which cardiovascular diseases accounted for 48%, with a slight gender differential (22% male vs. 26% female) (Global Burden of Disease, 2004 Update, WHO 2008; see Tables 1 & 2 in Annex II).

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