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Economic Brief - Taking Africa's Irregular Migrants into Account Trends Challenges and Policy Options


According to the International Organization of Migration (2013), irregular migration refers to “movement that takes place outside the regulatory norms of the origin, transit and destination countries”. A migrant is considered as irregular when he does not meet the immigration laws’ requirements while entering, residing or working in a given transit or receiving country. In its 2010 report, IOM (2010) estimated irregular migrants at between 20 to 30 million people worldwide. This represents 10 to 15% of international migration flows. The United Nations (2013) estimate that inter-State migrants stood at 232 million in 2010.

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