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Gambia - Food and Agriculture Sector Development Project (FASDEP) - Appraisal Report
The Gambia has a narrow economic base, relying heavily on agriculture which provides employment for about 75 per cent of the labour force. Performance of the sector has fluctuated, contributing on average 22.3per cent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2012 and a growth rate of 4 per cent. Despite its potential, agricultural production evidences low and unpredictable yields and high susceptibility to droughts and erratic climate patterns. The sector is basically rain-fed, with only 3 per cent of the arable land estimated under irrigation. The prevalence of drought as a climatic phenomenon was very severe in 2011 to the extent that the gains in the sector were almost completely wiped-off in a single year’s drought situation.