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Ghana - Accra Urban Transport Project – Appraisal report
Ghana’s economy has successfully transitioned from Low Incometo Lower Middle-Income status. As part of the transition process, the country is facing new and more complex development challenges; one of which is the challenge posed by rapid urbanization. In 2010,over half of Ghana’s population lived in urban areas. The urbanisation rate is projected to increase to 72% by 2035 and Accra which has the smallest land size in the Country’s regions,has the highest population density of 1,235.8 persons/km2.Ghana’schallengesas a result of rapid urbanization include inadequate infrastructure and services,uncontrolled urban sprawl,rise of slums and squatter settlements, poor sanitation, flooding as registered in the June 2015 flood disaster with associated risks to health and productivity(e.g. the recent cholera outbreak), and increased social, economic and environmental deterioration. Inadequate inner city and intra-city connectivity have resulted in congestion, long travel times, significant fuel use and hikes in land prices. The Government of Ghana and Development Partners in the country are supporting various interventions in Ghana’s urban areas particularly in the Greater Accra region to ensure integrated and sustainable spatial development, coordination and planning.