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Integrated Water Resource Management-How Relevant Is It to Water Operations by the African Development Bank? - Evaluation Approach Paper
Water resources and water services in Africa are severely underdeveloped with less than five percent of Africa’s surface and groundwater harnessed for use1 . Water utilization for agriculture and energy production is low, constraining economic growth, poverty reduction and the achievement of the MDGs. In Sub-Saharan Africa, 40 percent of the population lacks access to safe drinking water and 69 percent to improved sanitation facilities with worse conditions in rural areas. The health implications of these statistics are enormous; over 1 million African children die from water related diseases each year, many under the age of five.