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Jobs, Justice and the Arab Spring - Inclusive Growth in North Africa
In 2011, the North Africa region became the global epicenter of social upheaval and political change. The region, with Tunisia in the forefront, became a source of admiration and inspiration for people from all walks of life around the globe—from youth rallies in Spain and China to Occupy Wall Street in New York to uprisings in Yemen and Syria.
The political origins of the Arab Spring are straightforward: governments in Egypt, Libya and Tunisia had failed to respond adequately to the growing demands of political inclusion and good governance. However, the revolutions also had serious economic underpinnings: governments in the region had failed at creating jobs, especially for the young, and the economic policies which formed the basis for inclusive growth after independence had long-hence been unraveling.