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Kenya - P-KE-FA0-010 ESMF Last Mile Connectivity Project - Summary - EN
The Government of Kenya has pledged to stimulate economic growth and accelerate job creation to improve the economic wellbeing of Kenyans. Among the many interventions to achieve this is expansion of the power distribution system to be within reach and thus enable more Kenyans connect to the grid at affordable cost and hence initiate economic activities at the micro-economic level. The current trend of network expansion driven by customer demand is approaching saturation. In the foreseeable future there is a likelihood of the annual connectivity stagnating at the 300,000-400,000 customers per year level.
Although the level of connection of public facilities is high at 72%, the level of connectivity of the rural population is low at about 26%. It is estimated that in the rural areas the current average connection rate of households within reach of an existing transformer is about 40%. That is, a huge proportion of 60% of households within reach of existing transformers are yet to be connected. This low level of connection of domestic households in the rural areas is largely due to the inability of the rural population to pay the connection charge and explains the low connectivity of the rural population. Assuming a national population figure of 40 million, a rural to urban population ratio of 80:20 and an average household size of 4.8 it implies that about 5 million rural households are not electrified.