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Kenya - Small Towns Water and Wastewater Management Project - ESIA Summary
Kenya experiences moderate droughts and floods every three to four years period and major droughts every about ten years. The pattern of droughts and floods is driven by weather patterns affecting coastal settlements, urban areas, river valleys, and most part of Western Kenya including the shores of Lake Victoria as well as the droughts affecting most parts of the country. About 80% of the country is arid and semi-arid land. Water continues to be scarce in the country and the current developed potential is estimated at 15% of available safe water resources. Demand for water and sanitation has been increasing rapidly because of increases in population and growing needs for irrigated agriculture, urban and rural populations, industries, livestock, and hydropower.