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Madagascar - Education III - Project Completion Report (PCR)
In 1997, with a per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of USD259.5, Madagascar was ranked among the world’s poorest countries.The poverty rate at the national level was 73.3%,with 63.2% in urban areas and 76% in rural areas. This poverty was manifested not only in the low income level but also in the limited access to various social services (health, education, drinking water and sanitation). Health indicators had turned negative and the maternal and infant mortality rates were very high. In the same year, the Malagasy Government,with the support of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, prepared a development strategy centred on poverty reduction in general and on human resource development in particular, including the promotion of children’s enrolment and the fight against illiteracy.